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Ca grizzly

2020.11.27 20:07 MatthewBian Ca grizzly

This might be an unconventional post. But I wanted to inform people about the lost biodiversity in my home of California alone, and the deeper implications of this tide. The sixth mass extinction isn’t taking place exclusively with lions in Africa, elephants in Asia, or pandas in china. It’s reach and the impacts of the anthropocene are inescapable, leaving the biodiversity of this planet to embrace the fast moving pace of change or die in its wake. Since the industrial revolution, we as a collective species have gained the power to shape the planet in ways that we never conceived of. Most notably, the explosion of the human population, the invention of the repeating rifle, and the burning of fossil fuels have left their mark on animal populations worldwide, with us as the sole culprit to blame.
Ursus arctos californicus
The fact that it’s on Californria’s state flag might indicate some reverence or respect of the creature. But nope. It’s dead. We killed it. Consider this: The grizzly bear used to roam across the whole of North America, as far west as California, as east as the middle United States, and as south as central mexico. Now it is limited to Yellowstone, Alaska, and about half its original range in Canada.
The california grizzly grew larger than its counterparts in the rockies. In fact, it was big enough to be deemed a unique subspecies. The largest, shot in valley center, just a bit north of Escondido in San Diego county, weighed 2,200 pounds. That outweighs Yellowstone’s largest grizzlies by 500 pounds. The mild coastal climate, and plentiful food such as roots, berries, whale carcasses, salmon, and human babies(okay, I kid) was what allowed them to achieve such monstrous sizes. The golden state was home to an estimated 10,000 bears at its peak, and native american tribes have different stories regarding the Grizzly, which is where the name Yosemite comes from.
Life was good for the bear before the arrival of settlers. But that changed in 1769. Gaspar de Portola’s expedition was saved from starvation when bears were killed for meat in what is now Los Osos in San Luis Obispo county. Pre-dating the invention of the repeating rifle, they were hunted, but not to extremes, and were able to take advantage of the cattle being raised as a food source. Mexican ranchers called vaqueros killed bears by lassoing them, and could kill as many as 20 in a single night.
“The animals were lassoed by the throat and also by the hind leg, a horseman at each end, and the two pulling in opposite directions until the poor beast succumbed. The fun was kept up until about daylight, and when they got through they were completely exhausted”
“This method of hunting the bear is one of the noblest diversions with which I am acquainted. It requires an extraordinary degree of courage for a man to ride up beside a savage monster like the grizzly bear of this country”
“Fages himself headed a company of soldiers to hunt bears in the Canada De Los Osos. They roved about the valley, in which San Luis Obispo mission was founded, for about three months. During this time the hunters were enabled to send twenty five loads, or about 9,000 pounds of bear meat to san carlos and San Antonio, besides wild seeds purchased from the savages''(Zephyrin engelhardt)
The stock market terminology for a bear and bull market originates in this animal. Bears were captured alive, and forced to fight bulls, ironically after church on sunday, in front of entire towns.
“Usually several combats could be had between a bull and bear before either was killed, which made this novel sport one of immense profit to those who owned the animals”
The bears were known to win the majority of the time, and both animals were often hesitant to fight each other. The bears attacked by swiping down, while the bulls attacked by slashing upwards, giving rise to the terms we know today.
“Notwithstanding repeated expeditions against them, bears continued to be plentiful down to the time when the American hooters and trappers came to the country; but they then began to be thinned out. At the time of the American occupation there were still many, but, as the country filled up, they became scarcer and are now only found in remote places”(History of CA,1898)
In this manner, the bear went extinct. It was poisoned, trapped, hunted, and exterminated for a myriad of reasons, for sport, out of fear, defense of livestock, and a need to prove oneself as “manly”. It was a vestigial symbol of the dying wild, being pushed further inland after the gold rush and as more people filled up the state of california. The stories, half truths, and anthropocentric tall tales told about the bear enhanced their reputation as bloodthirsty man eaters, and motivated hunters to persecute it. Scientists never got a good chance to study it or dispel the fog of superstition that enveloped it. Most of what we know about the bear is told by the narrators of its demise, who locked eyes with one down the length of a rifle barrel. Their large population at the onset, and muscular build gave early settlers the impression that they were invincible. The mentality at the time was that nature’s reserves were endless, the fish in the sea were never ending, so to speak, and that the consequences of human actions were trivial. Consequently, hunting was not regulated, and populations began to plummet.
Interview of Colin Preston, San Luis Obispo, 1845, Harper’s magazine:
Colin: “This region pleases me. There are bears larger, stronger, and more difficult to kill than the lions of Algeria(Barbary lion, another species hunted to extinction). One of these will sometimes overtake a horse at speed. They are long limbed, active, and full of cunning. As for their courage, they are seldom disheartened except by fatal wounds. The bear of this country resembles the man who hunts him, and it is this resemblance of character that gives interest to the chase”
Interviewer: “How many bears have you killed in California?
Colin: “Seventy large bears, and twice the number of smaller ones. The cubs and young bear of the season are excellent eating, but a man must be hungry to eat the sinewy flesh of a full grown grizzly”
Interviewer: “Two hundred and ten in ten years!”
Colin: “Yes, but they are scarcer now. When I came here first we saw them every day. Now we ride sometimes fifty miles to find a bear”
With the invention of the repeating rifle, The grizzly’s nobility, power and courage swiftly melted before the searing flame of gunpowder and lead. No being of flesh and blood could withstand the slaughter that followed. His kind fell by the thousands. Almost overnight the grizzly was forced to change his character and habits of living. The fearless ones suddenly became the great timid beast, who slept by day and stalked by night, and eluded conflict except when forced to fight for his very life. The once ruler of the wild fastness of California became extinct because his only sins were greatness in size and fearlessness of men
(The Passing of the King, Vance Hoyt, 1934)
The California grizzly bear’s raw strength and its position as apex predator caught the eye of those who began California's independence movement, leading to its representation as a state symbol. But the bear was suddenly out of place. The sunny beaches and inland chaparral hills it called home became San Diego, Los Angeles, and San Francisco.
It was hunted and persecuted, the last confirmed one being killed on February 26, 1908 in Trabuco Canyon in eastern Orange County, visible from my home on a clear day. The 600 pound bear was caught in a trap, which it dragged for five miles before fighting off dogs and being killed with three shots to the head. She was called “Little black bear” while alive, but now taxidermied, goes by specimen 156594 in the Smithsonian. There was one final sighting in 1924 in Sequoia Park.
That was the last anyone saw of the California grizzly, which marks almost a century since the last bear roamed the state. But its death speaks to a greater ecological change. The old apex predator has been replaced by the new. It shows that globally, the wild has begun to wither away and die. Through our actions, the world is becoming less habitable for animals that require untouched expanses of land. Ernest Seton wistfully wrote that the grizzly had been “left at the mercy of men with no mercy”. The loss of the grizzly is symbolic of what else California lost. Salmon runs in the rivers, riparian woodlands, foggy coastal wetlands, the warm glow of the sun and the salty tang of the sea on a desolate beach. Much has been lost in the hurried and blind chasing of this thing we call “progress” and “civilization”. We still have much to learn about how to coexist peacefully with the species in our backyards, within the balances of a finite planet. But let the California grizzly and the demise of those like it serve not just as a dismal narrative but also an education. An awakening so that the broken, inbred, fragmented and dying pockets of the natural world might be given the chance to survive and thrive again.
submitted by MatthewBian to environment [link] [comments]


2020.11.27 20:01 MatthewBian Where the wild things were

This might be an unconventional post. But I wanted to inform people about the lost biodiversity in my home of California alone, and the deeper implications of this tide. The sixth mass extinction isn’t taking place exclusively with lions in Africa, elephants in Asia, or pandas in china. It’s reach and the impacts of the anthropocene are inescapable, leaving the biodiversity of this planet to embrace the fast moving pace of change or die in its wake. Since the industrial revolution, we as a collective species have gained the power to shape the planet in ways that we never conceived of. Most notably, the explosion of the human population, the invention of the repeating rifle, and the burning of fossil fuels have left their mark on animal populations worldwide, with us as the sole culprit to blame.
Ursus arctos californicus
The fact that it’s on Californria’s state flag might indicate some reverence or respect of the creature. But nope. It’s dead. We killed it. Consider this: The grizzly bear used to roam across the whole of North America, as far west as California, as east as the middle United States, and as south as central mexico. Now it is limited to Yellowstone, Alaska, and about half its original range in Canada.
The california grizzly grew larger than its counterparts in the rockies. In fact, it was big enough to be deemed a unique subspecies. The largest, shot in valley center, just a bit north of Escondido in San Diego county, weighed 2,200 pounds. That outweighs Yellowstone’s largest grizzlies by 500 pounds. The mild coastal climate, and plentiful food such as roots, berries, whale carcasses, salmon, and human babies(okay, I kid) was what allowed them to achieve such monstrous sizes. The golden state was home to an estimated 10,000 bears at its peak, and native american tribes have different stories regarding the Grizzly, which is where the name Yosemite comes from.
Life was good for the bear before the arrival of settlers. But that changed in 1769. Gaspar de Portola’s expedition was saved from starvation when bears were killed for meat in what is now Los Osos in San Luis Obispo county. Pre-dating the invention of the repeating rifle, they were hunted, but not to extremes, and were able to take advantage of the cattle being raised as a food source. Mexican ranchers called vaqueros killed bears by lassoing them, and could kill as many as 20 in a single night.
“The animals were lassoed by the throat and also by the hind leg, a horseman at each end, and the two pulling in opposite directions until the poor beast succumbed. The fun was kept up until about daylight, and when they got through they were completely exhausted”
“This method of hunting the bear is one of the noblest diversions with which I am acquainted. It requires an extraordinary degree of courage for a man to ride up beside a savage monster like the grizzly bear of this country”
“Fages himself headed a company of soldiers to hunt bears in the Canada De Los Osos. They roved about the valley, in which San Luis Obispo mission was founded, for about three months. During this time the hunters were enabled to send twenty five loads, or about 9,000 pounds of bear meat to san carlos and San Antonio, besides wild seeds purchased from the savages''(Zephyrin engelhardt)
The stock market terminology for a bear and bull market originates in this animal. Bears were captured alive, and forced to fight bulls, ironically after church on sunday, in front of entire towns.
“Usually several combats could be had between a bull and bear before either was killed, which made this novel sport one of immense profit to those who owned the animals”
The bears were known to win the majority of the time, and both animals were often hesitant to fight each other. The bears attacked by swiping down, while the bulls attacked by slashing upwards, giving rise to the terms we know today.
“Notwithstanding repeated expeditions against them, bears continued to be plentiful down to the time when the American hooters and trappers came to the country; but they then began to be thinned out. At the time of the American occupation there were still many, but, as the country filled up, they became scarcer and are now only found in remote places”(History of CA,1898)
In this manner, the bear went extinct. It was poisoned, trapped, hunted, and exterminated for a myriad of reasons, for sport, out of fear, defense of livestock, and a need to prove oneself as “manly”. It was a vestigial symbol of the dying wild, being pushed further inland after the gold rush and as more people filled up the state of california. The stories, half truths, and anthropocentric tall tales told about the bear enhanced their reputation as bloodthirsty man eaters, and motivated hunters to persecute it. Scientists never got a good chance to study it or dispel the fog of superstition that enveloped it. Most of what we know about the bear is told by the narrators of its demise, who locked eyes with one down the length of a rifle barrel. Their large population at the onset, and muscular build gave early settlers the impression that they were invincible. The mentality at the time was that nature’s reserves were endless, the fish in the sea were never ending, so to speak, and that the consequences of human actions were trivial. Consequently, hunting was not regulated, and populations began to plummet.
Interview of Colin Preston, San Luis Obispo, 1845, Harper’s magazine:
Colin: “This region pleases me. There are bears larger, stronger, and more difficult to kill than the lions of Algeria(Barbary lion, another species hunted to extinction). One of these will sometimes overtake a horse at speed. They are long limbed, active, and full of cunning. As for their courage, they are seldom disheartened except by fatal wounds. The bear of this country resembles the man who hunts him, and it is this resemblance of character that gives interest to the chase”
Interviewer: “How many bears have you killed in California?
Colin: “Seventy large bears, and twice the number of smaller ones. The cubs and young bear of the season are excellent eating, but a man must be hungry to eat the sinewy flesh of a full grown grizzly”
Interviewer: “Two hundred and ten in ten years!”
Colin: “Yes, but they are scarcer now. When I came here first we saw them every day. Now we ride sometimes fifty miles to find a bear”
With the invention of the repeating rifle, The grizzly’s nobility, power and courage swiftly melted before the searing flame of gunpowder and lead. No being of flesh and blood could withstand the slaughter that followed. His kind fell by the thousands. Almost overnight the grizzly was forced to change his character and habits of living. The fearless ones suddenly became the great timid beast, who slept by day and stalked by night, and eluded conflict except when forced to fight for his very life. The once ruler of the wild fastness of California became extinct because his only sins were greatness in size and fearlessness of men
(The Passing of the King, Vance Hoyt, 1934)
The California grizzly bear’s raw strength and its position as apex predator caught the eye of those who began California's independence movement, leading to its representation as a state symbol. But the bear was suddenly out of place. The sunny beaches and inland chaparral hills it called home became San Diego, Los Angeles, and San Francisco.
It was hunted and persecuted, the last confirmed one being killed on February 26, 1908 in Trabuco Canyon in eastern Orange County, visible from my home on a clear day. The 600 pound bear was caught in a trap, which it dragged for five miles before fighting off dogs and being killed with three shots to the head. She was called “Little black bear” while alive, but now taxidermied, goes by specimen 156594 in the Smithsonian. There was one final sighting in 1924 in Sequoia Park.
That was the last anyone saw of the California grizzly, which marks almost a century since the last bear roamed the state. But its death speaks to a greater ecological change. The old apex predator has been replaced by the new. It shows that globally, the wild has begun to wither away and die. Through our actions, the world is becoming less habitable for animals that require untouched expanses of land. Ernest Seton wistfully wrote that the grizzly had been “left at the mercy of men with no mercy”. The loss of the grizzly is symbolic of what else California lost. Salmon runs in the rivers, riparian woodlands, foggy coastal wetlands, the warm glow of the sun and the salty tang of the sea on a desolate beach. Much has been lost in the hurried and blind chasing of this thing we call “progress” and “civilization”. We still have much to learn about how to coexist peacefully with the species in our backyards, within the balances of a finite planet. But let the California grizzly and the demise of those like it serve not just as a dismal narrative but also an education. An awakening so that the broken, inbred, fragmented and dying pockets of the natural world might be given the chance to survive and thrive again.
submitted by MatthewBian to ExtinctionRebellion [link] [comments]


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2020.07.29 22:41 the-new-guy2020 Building a Monster... Budget is 3k All In... Would love some feedback!

Need advice for a $3000 build for gaming and work (Photo Editing/Videos).
What will you be doing with this PC? Be as specific as possible, and include specific games or programs you will be using.
What is your maximum budget before rebates/shipping/taxes?
When do you plan on building/buying the PC? Note: beyond a week or two from today means any build you receive will be out of date when you want to buy.
What, exactly, do you need included in the budget?
(ToweOS/monito)
These are not included in budget
Which country (and state/province) will you be purchasing the parts in? If you're in US, do you have access to a Microcenter location?
If reusing any parts (including monitor(s)/keyboard/mouse/etc), what parts will you be reusing? Brands and models are appreciated.
Will you be overclocking? If yes, are you interested in overclocking right away, or down the line? CPU and/or GPU?
Are there any specific features or items you want/need in the build? (ex: SSD, large amount of storage or a RAID setup, CUDA or OpenCL support, etc)
Do you have any specific case preferences (Size like ITX/microATX/mid-towefull-tower, styles, colors, window or not, LED lighting, etc), or a particular color theme preference for the components?
Do you need a copy of Windows included in the budget? If you do need one included, do you have a preference?
Extra info or particulars: ya... this is the build I am considering, but it is a bit pricey. Any advice on how to get it lower without sacrificing performance would be amazing.
here is the pcpartpicker link: https://pcpartpicker.com/list/gNFTQq
CPU: AMD Ryzen 9 3900X 3.8 GHz 12-Core Processor
going with AMD over Intel... Seems like this tech has come a long way and is actually better than the Intel series.
CPU Cooler: Silverstone PF360-ARGB 94 CFM Liquid CPU Cooler
I dont know if I can get away with something cheaper... But I know I will want a liquid cooling system supported by some basic fans in my case.
Motherboard: Gigabyte X570 AORUS ULTRA ATX AM4 Motherboard
Open for suggestions, but wanted to go top of line.
RAM: G.Skill Trident Z Neo 64 GB (4 x 16 GB) DDR4-3600 CL16 Memory
People have told me that a 32gb setup would work fine, but I just dont ever want to be hindered by memory. thoughts? Is G.Skill more about buying the cool fresh brand or are they truly superior to some of the cheaper options?
GPU: EVGA GeForce RTX 2080 Ti 11 GB Black Video Card
RTX2080 is a no brainer... But I was told that a new version would be coming out soon and that EVGA offers a 90 day trade in policy if an upgraded component becomes available. thoughts?
SSD: Sabrent Rocket 4.0 1 TB M.2-2280 NVME Solid State Drive
No brainer here... Big SSD will be needed for all these 200gb games lol
INternal HD: Seagate BarraCuda 4 TB 3.5" 5400RPM Internal Hard Drive
Ill have a lot of work stuff happening, which will all live here (photo/video edits)
Power: Silverstone Strider Platinum S 1200 W 80+ Platinum Certified Fully Modular ATX Power Supply
I was told this is way too much power... But I also thought the GPU and CPU need a significant power supply to run efficiently.
case: Corsair iCUE 465X RGB ATX Mid Tower Case
Not picky here at all, just wanted something that had great reviews and extra fans for cooling support.
Monitor: ViewSonic ELITE XG270 27.0" 1920x1080 240 Hz Monitor
not picky here either, but figured might as well get something of quality to support all the power the machine gives.
really appreciate some advice here... again, just trying to trim this down to as close to $3k as possible.
thanks!
submitted by the-new-guy2020 to buildapcforme [link] [comments]


2020.07.09 08:41 Justwonderinif Golden State Killer Timeline I

1939
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
-Joseph Sr and Kathleen purchased a small home in Rancho Cordova at 10605 Olson Drive.
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
Golden State Killer Timeline II >>>
submitted by Justwonderinif to GoldenStateKiller [link] [comments]


2020.07.09 07:36 Justwonderinif Golden State Killer Timeline I

1939
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
Golden State Killer Timeline II >>>
submitted by Justwonderinif to Timelines [link] [comments]


2020.07.09 03:29 Justwonderinif Golden State Killer Timeline I

1939
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
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Golden State Killer Timeline II >>>
submitted by Justwonderinif to GSkOrigins [link] [comments]


2020.06.28 01:07 startaquizbowlteam Quizbowl Competition Names: A Brief Census and Guide

One consistent theme of posts in this subreddit is that there's no consistent name for "quizbowl"-like activities around the country. There are many regional variations on quizbowl and lots of different names given to quizbowl, which often results in some confusion. Thus, here is a brief overview of each of these names (feel free to add your own in the comments!) so that people can better understand where they come from and to what extent they comport with quizbowl more generally.
Note that within all of these different names for quizbowl, the quality of the questions and competitions varies considerably. What matters is less what the competition is called and more what the format and the questions are.
One of the biggest differences is the degree to which questions in different quizbowl competitions are pyramidal--that is, are constructed to avoid misleading players and to fairly distinguish between players with different levels of knowledge. You can read more about the concept of pyramidality here, but do note that some companies and places that claim to be "pyramidal" are not actually pyramidal in terms of how they write their questions.
Everything here is just my opinion, of course.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Quizbowl or Quiz Bowl: this is the most common name for quizbowl competitions in general. Sometimes you might see "Academic Quiz Bowl" to signify that quizbowl is more academic than just trivia. Regardless, most of the time quiz bowl is some kind of buzzer-based competition in which players use a buzzer to signal when they're ready to answer a question. The extent to which a given quizbowl league or format is pyramidal though varies widely depending on the question writeprovider.
Academic Bowl: This is another variation on the name "quizbowl" that varies a bit by region, but overall doesn't seem to be consistently in one area or another.
Academic Challenge: Common in New Jersey, Ohio, Wyoming, and various smaller areas like Berks County, PA. Rules differ dramatically between local formats, though in general these are often not pyramidal.
Academic Competition: Somewhat unique to Pennsylvania, with local counties sponsoring things like the Chester County Academic Competition.
Academic Decathlon: A separate company that operates a separate competition that consists more of taking tests on specific subjects, though there is a "Super Quiz" portion that is somewhat quizbowl-ish. Pretty much a different thing entirely and not quizbowl.
Academic League: Specific to a few counties like San Diego CA and Salem NJ but occasionally used in other areas. Often not pyramidal, though some specific academic leagues in San Diego have adopted pyramidal questions.
Academic Olympics: Used in Reno, NV and Horry County, SC as well as a few other areas. Often includes a quizbowl-ish portion, but may have other events as well.
Brain Bowl: Sometimes used in Florida, though it can also refer to specific competitions related to the human brain.
Hi-Q: A relatively ancient (dating back to 1948) form of quizbowl that hasn't changed much since. Local to a few areas where a certain paper mill company was based (Green Bay WI, Delaware County PA, Northern Seattle, and Northern Alabama).
It's Academic: A long-running TV quiz show with its own unique format. Used to be in a lot of cities, now limited mostly to the DC area.
Knowledge Bowl: Common in Minnesota, the Dakotas, Colorado, Washington State, and some other places like the Mid-South. Usually uses questions from Academic Hallmarks, though that may change as the company has changed ownership recently. Often not pyramidal and may have written tests in addition to buzzer-based rounds.
NAQT: NAQT is a specific question-writing company. It is not a specific format or type of question (a common misconception); NAQT questions can be used in a wide variety of formats. NAQT questions are always pyramidal, though they vary in length and difficulty depending on the specific type of set (some NAQT speed round questions can be 1-2 lines, though most used at weekend invitational tournaments are 3-4 lines).
National Academic League: Specific to Utah, Wichita, and some other areas. Has a rather out-of-date website. Is decidedly not pyramidal.
Quick Recall: Almost entirely a Kentucky-based name that comes from the Kentucky Governor's Cup competition. Quick Recall itself is slightly different than quizbowl and usually not as pyramidal, but sometimes this term is used to include any kind of buzzer-based competition in KY.
Scholastic Bowl: Used primarily in Illinois for the state competition and in Virginia for their state competition as well. As of 2020, Illinois and Virginia's state competitions are pyramidal.
Scholars Bowl: Tends to be most common in Kansas, Vermont, and the Deep South, though the formats greatly differ. Kansas Scholars Bowl is somewhat notorious as one of the most highly-regulated types of quizbowl in the country while Vermont and Alabama use NAQT questions with some small variations in format (i.e. like worksheets or different timing rules). [EDIT: as pointed out in the comments, this is also a very common name for quizbowl in Missouri]
Subject-Specific Quizbowl: here you have things like Certamen for Latin, Science Bowl, National Ocean Science Bowl, National History Bee and Bowl, etc. Each of these formats differs in their level of pyramidality as well--NHBB tends to be very pyramidal while Science Bowl continues to have multiple-choice question tossups that are pretty much the opposite of pyramidal.
Varsity Quiz: A long-running Las Vegas TV competition run by the Kiwanis.
Hope this helps clear things up for people; feel free to add more local formats too!
submitted by startaquizbowlteam to Quizbowl [link] [comments]


2020.06.08 14:22 rusticgorilla Lost in the Sauce: 5,000+ covid deaths a week with no end in sight

Welcome to Lost in the Sauce, keeping you caught up on political and legal news that often gets buried in distractions and theater… or a global health crisis.
I may do another protest/police-focused post this week, since it could not be included here.
Housekeeping:

Nominees and appointees

Fired-State Department Inspector General (IG) Steve Linick testified to Congress that he informed at least three top Pompeo aides that he was reviewing Pompeo and his wife’s use of government resources. Linick’s testimony undercuts Pompeo’s defense that he couldn’t have fired Linick in retaliation because he was unaware of what investigations the IG was pursuing.
  • Linick also told Congress that before he was fired, he had also submitted a formal document request for records related to Pompeo's and his wife's use of resources. Congressional committees have requested voluntary testimony from the three Pompeo aides. "There's more information we need," one of the lawmakers said. "If we are unable to obtain it voluntarily, it should be subpoenaed."
Senate Judiciary Committee Chair Chuck Grassley said he will block two of Trump’s nominees from confirmation until the administration explains watchdog firings... However, these two nominees - director of the National Counterterrorism Center and an undersecretary at the State Dept. - are relatively unimportant to Trump and are unlikely to spur action from the White House.
Trump’s appointee to the United States’ foreign aid agency has denounced liberal democracy and “our homo-empire.” The appointee, Merritt Corrigan, also wrote that Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban is “the shining champion of Western civilization.”
The Senate confirmed Trump’s nominee Michael Pack to lead the agency that oversees Voice of America despite the fact that Pack’s nonprofit organization is being investigated for possible tax violations. The vote was 53-38, with eight Democratic caucus members not present and Sen. Manchin (D-WV) voting in Pack’s favor.

What is Congress up to?

The Senate Intelligence Committee approved a measure that would require presidential campaigns to report offers of foreign election influence to federal authorities… The committee adopted the measure behind closed doors in a classified setting, adding it to the Intelligence Authorization Act, a bill setting policy for the intelligence community. Senate Republicans, however, are preparing to remove the provision from the bill when it heads to the Senate floor.
  • Sen. Warner has repeatedly tried to pass the bill in the Senate, but it's been blocked by Republicans, including Sen. Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee. After she blocked the bill in June 2019, calling it a "blatant political stunt," Trump tweeted his appreciation for her efforts.
Senate Foreign Relations Cmte. Chairman Jim Risch (R-ID) has abandoned efforts to get Pompeo to testify in a routine annual budget hearing… Risch has tried for months to persuade Pompeo to testify but has given up so as to preserve “political capital,” he reportedly said.
  • TO BE CLEAR: Republicans have given up on even the pretense of standard oversight. Sen. Risch is rubber-stamping everything from the White House in order to keep Trump happy.
The House Judiciary Committee has lined up whistleblowers to testify about alleged political interference inside the Justice Department as AG Barr continues to rebuff efforts by the panel to reschedule testimony he committed to in March. The whistleblower hearing has yet to be formally scheduled.
House Judiciary Cmte. Chairman Jerry Nadler has introduced legislation to cut $50 million from the DOJ’s General Administration account, which funds the Attorney General’s personal office… Nadler says the bill, which is unlikely to pass the Republican-controlled Senate, is a response to “continued defiance of Congress and improper politicization of the Department of Justice.”
  • Nadler: “The American people deserve answers from Mr. Barr about actions the Department has taken to harass states during the coronavirus epidemic, his improper interference in cases against President Trump’s political allies, and much more. Because the Attorney General refuses to appear before Congress to provide those answers, we must now use our budgeting authority to compel answers and to reign in his deplorable behavior.”
Senate Republicans authorized Homeland Security Cmte. Chairman Ron Johnson to issue a wide range of subpoenas as part of an investigation into the origins of the Russia probe and allegations of wrongdoing by top Obama administration officials. The Senate Judiciary Cmte. is scheduled to authorize Chairman Lindsey Graham to similarly issue dozens of subpoenas this week.
  • Graham's subpoena authorization covers 53 officials, while Johnson's names 35 individuals. Of those, there's an overlap of two-dozen names including John Brennan, James Clapper, James Comey, Lisa Page, Peter Strzok, and Susan Rice.
The GOP continue to push a Biden-Ukraine conspiracy, but last week Ukrainian prosecutors announced they found no evidence of wrongdoing on the part of Hunter Biden.
Former Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein testified before the Senate Judiciary Cmte. last week about the origins of the Russia probe… The hearing was not newsworthy, with Rosenstein refusing to be pinned down on anything. “He both meekly defended the investigation and meekly defended the president’s conduct with respect to the investigation—and, in order to do the latter, he, like Barr, overread the degree to which the investigation exonerated the president.”

The courts

D.C. Circuit sets a hearing on Michael Flynn's petition to force the district judge on his case to grant DOJ's motion to dismiss the prosecution for June 12.
  • The Justice Department is pressing forward with its criminal case against a former business partner of Michael Flynn, Bijan Rafiekian. The filing makes several mentions of Flynn’s integral role in the work that led to the two foreign-agent-related felony charges against Rafiekian and maintains the government’s position that Flynn was a co-conspirator in his business partner’s crimes — a curious stance as the government seeks to drop the criminal case it brought against Flynn more than two years ago.
The D.C. Court of Appeals affirmed that the White House unlawfully suspended the press credentials of Playboy Magazine reporter Brian Karem… The three-judge panel ruled that the suspension violated Karem’s constitutional rights because the White House had no written rules or advance notice about what would constitute unprofessional behavior that could temporarily cost him his press pass.
The DOJ has formally asked the Supreme Court to overturn a lower court decision granting House Democrats access to redacted grand jury materials from Mueller’s investigation…
The Trump administration has asked the Supreme Court to make it legal to ban same-sex couples from adopting… The DOJ argued that adoption agencies should be allowed to turn away same-sex couples “because it adheres to the belief that marriage is the union of a man and a woman”. Throughout the brief, the department argues that religious freedom must be protected above all else.
A former staffer on Trump's 2016 campaign has filed a new challenge against Trump's use of nondisclosure agreements, asking a New York court to rule in a lawsuit that the agreements drawn up by the campaign are "null, void and unenforceable."
Judge in Jeffrey Epstein grand jury case has ties to those with a stake in outcome… Krista Marx, the Palm Beach chief judge who also heads a panel that polices judicial conduct, has potential conflicts of interest involving three prominent players embroiled in the Epstein sex-trafficking saga: a state attorney, a sheriff, and a former state attorney.

Voting and elections

Both Trump and his press secretary committed voter fraud using residential addresses on their registrations that were not their residences. Kayleigh McEnany cast Florida ballots in 2018 using her parents’ address in Tampa, even though she lived in Washington, D.C., and held a New Jersey driver’s license. Trump cast a Florida ballot this year using a business address in Palm Beach, where he had promised the town government he would not live.
Derek Chauvin, the Minneapolis ex-cop accused of killing George Floyd, allegedly voted illegally in two Florida elections. “While living in Minnesota, working there, paying taxes there, Derek Chauvin cannot claim residency in Orange County,” a Florida candidate for election supervisor writes.
Texas appeals court blocked a lower court ruling that would have allowed people to mail in their ballots to avoid being exposed to the coronavirus. This won’t be the last word in the matter - the courts have been going back and forth on the matter for the past two months.
A judge ruled that Tennessee must give all of its registered voters the option to cast ballots by mail during the coronavirus pandemic. The ruling is likely to be appealed.
The Wisconsin Supreme Court will try to decide whether to remove 129,000 voters from the rolls… The justices declined last Monday to immediately take voters off the rolls and may not rule on the case before the election.
Good read: Stacey Abrams op-ed: I Know Voting Feels Inadequate Right Now. “Voting will not save us from harm, but silence will surely damn us all.”

Coronavirus

America is still experiencing a minimum of 5,000 confirmed deaths from the coronavirus per week, with many states experiencing spikes in cases over the past few days. Charts,
  • For example, Florida has had the most new cases in the last 4 days of any 4 days in the whole outbreak (and that’s not taking into account that the state is undercounting). Texas has seen the most new cases of any 5 days during the outbreak, as has Arizona. Utah, California, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee also have increasing cases. NYT and JHU.
ICUs across the country are pretty full. In 12 states, plus DC, more than 70% of beds in ICUs are occupied. CDC. Rising ICU bed use “a big red flag.”
Amid a shortage of swabs for COVID tests, the factory Trump visited in Maine will have to throw out all swabs produced during the president’s visit, likely due to Trump and associates refusing to wear face masks. Nearly a third of Maine nursing homes reported last month they had no nasal swabs to collect specimens.
Local health officials relied on the CDC to track Americans returning from China in February, but the data was flawed. “Just let them go,” CDC told local officials frustrated by the inability to track potential early spreaders.
The US has failed to spend more than 75 percent of the American humanitarian aid that Congress provided three months ago to help overseas victims of the virus. “Little to no humanitarian assistance has reached those on the front lines of this crisis in the world’s most fragile context,” executives at 27 relief organizations wrote to the aid agency’s acting administrator, John Barsa, in a letter dated Thursday.
How a St. Petersburg company with no history in medical supplies won a $10 million coronavirus contract. The Trump administration handed out large contracts without much vetting. As a result, a Florida-based company was granted a contract in the first week of its existence.
A section of the House’s coronavirus relief bill championed by Virginia Dem Gerry Connolly contains billions for defense contractors. The provision would cover executive compensation and other perks for defense and intel contractors. The legislation’s wording mirrors what an industry group proposed.
Former Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) has booked his first lobbying client, a company promising a COVID-19 cure and led by a California businessman who’s been collaborating with Rudy Giuliani on a documentary on Joe Biden and Ukraine.

Miscellaneous

Trump ordered nearly 10,000 US troops to leave Germany. The move is the latest twist in relations between Berlin and Washington, which have often been strained during Trump’s presidency.
In another move that is sure to make Putin happy, Trump pressed to invite Russia to this year’s G7 summit. Trump and Putin spoke by phone last Monday and reportedly discussed the meeting. Other members of G7 have spoken out against the idea.
  • Reminder: Last month, Trump announced the US is withdrawing from the Open Skies treaty, another move that allows Russia more freedom to operate as a rogue power.
A federal judge ruled against the Interior Dept. in its attempt to disestablish the reservation land of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe… “The DC District Court righted what would have been a terrible and historic injustice by finding that the Department of the Interior broke the law in attempting to take our land out of trust,” said Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Chairman, Cedric Cromwell.
A Twitter Account That Copies Trump's Tweets Word For Word Got Suspended Within 3 Days. Does Twitter have special rules for President Trump? Yes, and this account just proved it.
Civil rights leaders say they’re ‘disappointed and stunned’ after call with Facebook’s Zuckerberg and Sandberg… Zuckerberg gave “incomprehensible explanations” for not taking action against President Trump’s “looting ... shooting” post.
Environmental news:
  • Trump rule changes will allow Alaskan hunters to kill bear cubs, wolf pups in their dens.
  • The Trump administration moved forward Friday with plans to scale back a century-old law protecting most American wild bird species despite warnings that billions of birds could die as a result.
  • President Trump vowed Friday to open the nation’s only national monument in the Atlantic Ocean to commercial fishing. He signed a proclamation declaring the opening after attending a roundtable discussion with commercial fishermen in Bangor, Maine.
  • Trump signed an executive order instructing agencies to waive long-standing environmental laws to speed up federal approval for new mines, highways, pipelines and other projects given the current economic “emergency.” Critics say the move will disproportionately impact communities of color.
Immigration news:
  • Report finds ICE detention centre is using a disinfectant over 50 times a day that causes bleeding and pain
  • Homeland Security’s Inspector General Is Opening A Review Of The Department’s Treatment Of Pregnant Detainees. The announcement comes following BuzzFeed News’ report of a woman giving birth in a detention center near San Diego.
  • ICE special agents detain Floyd protester in NYC. "The fact that he's a man of Puerto Rican descent is really concerning because it raises questions about racial profiling," said Terry Lawson, of the Immigrant Defense Project.
  • The Trump Administration Said It Didn’t Change Policy To Deny Housing Loans To DACA Recipients. Emails Show Otherwise. New documents show that the Trump administration moved to block young undocumented immigrants from federal housing loans in 2018.
  • People are sawing through and climbing over Trump’s border wall. Now contractors are being asked for ideas to make it less vulnerable.
  • Supreme Court rules immigrants who fear torture can appeal deportations in court
  • Dozens Of Immigrant Families Who Were Separated At The Border Likely Shouldn't Have Been, An Internal Report Found
submitted by rusticgorilla to Keep_Track [link] [comments]


2020.05.04 01:38 EleventhTry [EVENT] A Digital Future

Federal Communications Commission

445 12th Street SW, Washington, D.C.
 
Although the United States is home to several, if not most of the world's largest information corporations and Americans being one of the most avid users in the world of the internet, we lack behind severely among other OCED nations in several sectors. Notably, millions of Americans lack access to high-speed internet, and in some places, internet at all. As the arrival of globalization and the dominance of the information-age unravels, there is an ever increasing need for Americans to be online. A report by the Federal Communications Commission in 2022 shows that roughly 92.8% of all Americans are connected to the internet, although there are several million in this number who do not have access to high-speed internet. Although having updated the definition of broadband in 2015, the Federal Communications Commission has again called for a review of this definition among other existing policies on the books. New Chairman Jessica Rosenworcel to many is a breath of fresh air to several critics of the FCC, as well as to economic analysts, information companies, and middle-class Americans. However, her bold stances do render her as a threat to many internet providers not seeking the best interests of Americans.
 

5G

  Bringing to the city of Seattle a limited 5G commercial network was CenturyLink which had started plans for an implementation of this in 2018. Although, only about 1/3rd of the city is covered by the network, with CenturyLink promising to get the rest of the city covered by the end of 2024. The success of this large leap has showed the possibility of spreading further 5G networks into larger American cities, but that will have to wait for the future. Although, CenturyLink is not alone in the pursuit of 5G networks, as AT&T, Verizon, and Frontier Communications have promised the arrival of a 5G network in the city's with their HQ. All 4 companies have announced plans towards implementing national 5G coverage by 2036 with 3/5ths of the United States to be fully covered with 5G access by 2030.
 

Fiber

  Although hopes were cut for many when Google announced it would no longer expand Google Fibre, this has been recently reversed. CEO of Google Inc. Sundar Pichai announced after the arrival of the 5G network in Seattle that this would be reversed, as Google put out invitations across the country to several metropolitan areas to deploy the fiber. Google has begun deployment of cable in these cities, which will fully connect their respective metropolitan areas by 2026.
 
  • Dallas-Fort Worth, TX
  • San Jose, CA
  • Palo Alto, CA
  • San Antonio, TX
  • San Diego, CA
  • Seattle, WA
  • Portland, OR
  • Houston, TX
  • Boston, MA
  • Nashville, TN
  • Atlanta, GA
  • Las Vegas, NV
  • Waco, TX
  • Toledo, OH
  • Washington, District of Columbia + New Columbia
  • Raleigh, NC
  • Lincoln, NE
  • Miami, FL
  • Des Moines, IA
  • Tallahassee, FL
 
This massive expansion will launch Google into being a much larger Internet Service Provider across the United States. Similarly, AT&T has announced their intentions to make further strides in the deployment of cable, planning to lay around 1,440 cumulative miles of fiber in the states of Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio, Arkansas, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. This ambitious plan to bring cable has been funded by both AT&T and the cities that it will run through and connect. Existing plans to complete this put 2029 as the end date. Helping to combat the costs, all 12 of the recently mentioned states will be issuing grants for the deployment of the fiber cable, at a total cost of $19 billion. This is to be received from newly imposed state taxes on sodas and alcohol, and a newly leveraged nation-wide federal tax rate for cigarettes to be listed:
 
  • Helping to fund this package, the federal tax rate for cigarettes will be raised from $1.01 per pack to $1.42 per pack.
  • Tennessee will raise its tax on beer from $1.17 per gallon to $1.32 per gallon.
  • West Virginia and Ohio will raise its tax on beer from $0.18 per gallon to $0.74 per gallon
  • Wisconsin and Missouri will raise its tax on beer from $0.06 per gallon to $0.64 per gallon.
  • Michigan will raise its tax on beer from $0.20 per gallon to $0.85 per gallon.
  • Indiana will raise its tax on beer from $0.12 per gallon to $0.68 per gallon. State-wide institution of a one-cent-per-ounce soda tax.
  • Pennsylvania will raise its tax on beer from $0.08 per gallon to $0.72 per gallon.
  • Arkansas will raise its tax on beer from $0.34 per gallon to $.0.99 per gallon. State-wide institution of a one-cent-per-ounce soda tax.
  • Illinois will raise its tax on beer from $0.23 per gallon to $0.89 per gallon. State-wide institution of a one-cent-per-ounce soda tax.
  • Kentucky will raise its tax on beer from $0.78 per gallon to $1.24 per gallon. State-wide institution of a one-cent-per-ounce soda tax.
  • Ohio will raise its tax on beer from $0.18 per gallon to $0.68 per gallon. State-wide institution of a one-cent-per-ounce soda tax.
  • Iowa will raise its tax on beer from $0.19 per gallon to $0.70 per gallon. State-wide institution of a one-cent-per-ounce soda tax.
[M] Going off of this%20(2).png)
 

FCC

 
Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission Jessica Rosenworcel publicly announced changes to existing guidelines following a 2021 Broadband Progress Report. These changes will move existing required download speeds for classification as broadband from downloads speeds of 25 Mbps and upload speeds of 3 Mbps to download speeds of 40 Mbps and upload speeds to 5 Mbps. Rules regarding net neutrality will be congressionally set to as they were in the Open Internet Order back in 2010 following an act proposed by Representative Kennedy III, (D-MA)
 
submitted by EleventhTry to GlobalPowers [link] [comments]


2020.04.27 17:43 Fwoggie2 Covid-19 update Monday 27th April

Good afternoon from the UK. It’s Monday 27th April.

It was an up and down weekend in the Fwoggie2 household. I went and did a major grocery shop at a Tesco Extra supermarket near me (Tesco = major supermarket chain in the UK) on Friday night. The store has a one way system to navigate round the store and you’re supposed to keep 2m away from anyone else. This is almost impossible I found as I constantly had to back the hell up as people barged in to grab what they wanted and to hell with any one way system. The older they were it seemed (I’m in my 40’s), the less they cared about social distancing. It took me 2.5 hours to finally complete the shop (I had to go back for a few more things on the Saturday morning).
As for Sunday, my wife was well enough to join me and the dog on a hour long walk (we never got within 10 metres of anyone else because we have lots of open countryside outside our front door so social distancing on walks is very easy to do) and the allotment got a major update; it now has 20 more white onions, over 50 red onion seeds, about 60 parsnips (which are notoriously hard to germinate especially in heavy soil like ours but it's worth a try), 7 rosemary plants and about 50 radishes. By the end of this week I hope to plant 75 carrots, 60 spring onions, 45 beetroot. The more we can grow the better; squash, courgettes/zucchini are on the agenda soon too with sweetcorn and brassicas a week or two further down the line.
Life though can twist and turn in an instant; #RIPMark has been trending on UK Twitter todayas Covid-19 takes another victim here in the UK with the death count now well over 21k (if you believe the government stats) or over 41k (if you want to believe the Financial Times instead). To see an example of the British Covid-19 story in three brief tweets, click here. Failing that, please continue to stay at home if at all possible.

Virus news







Supply chain news in depth


While passenger flights stay on ground freight rates are flying high - Stat Times reports that while passengers are going nowhere, there’s considerable demand for airfreight. Airfreight is the most expensive mode of transporting goods, but also the fastest, reliable and secure style of moving it. Roughly, airlines handle just one percent of all the global trade volumes but at the same time enjoy 35 percent of its value. In that sense, the pre-Covid-19 world was pretty sure about what sort of goods must move in the ocean and what in the air. But in the world hit by Covid-19 pandemic, air cargo has moved from the premium mode to the super-premium with freight rates climbing new heights each day it says. Demand for airfreight capacity from the West to China is limited, but large quantities of PPE are coming out of China resulting in rapidly growing rates.
(Cont’d) According to TAC Index, on April 13, 2020, the airlines reportedly charged a new record price of $9.64 per kg to move cargo from Shanghai to Frankfurt compared to $2.46 on March 9, a jump of 291 percent in just one month. Meanwhile, on the Frankfurt-Shanghai route, it fell around normal rates of $1.17per kg as of April 13 compared to $2.78 on February 17, when the rates were at its peak. The average air freight rate to transport goods from Shanghai to Europe is around $8.65 per kg, while from Frankfurt to China is $1.41. The same for Hong Kong to Europe is $4.66 compared to $5.11 on April 6 and $2.58 on March 9. The falling rates from Hong Kong are reportedly due to the new regulations introduced by the Chinese government in April to clamp down the low-quality Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) exported from the country. The government made it mandatory for PPEs to have customs clearance which pushed the companies to ship them from mainland airports instead of trans-shipping through Hong Kong.
(Cont’d) Airfreight rates on Shanghai-Dallas/Fort Worth route rose to $8.72 per kg on April 13 compared to $4.91 on March 9, while Hong Kong-Dallas is at $4.88 compared to $5.79 on April 6 and $3.53 on March 9. On average, air cargo from Shanghai to the US is now available at $6.92 compared to $3.36 on March 9, an increase of 105 percent in one month. Meanwhile the same from Hong Kong is available at $5.55 per kg compared to $3.35 on March 9. Rates from London to the US stood at $4.04 per kg compared to $1.12 on March 9, an increase of 260 percent, while Frankfurt to the US reported $4.12 compared to $5.31 on March 30, when it witnessed a steady increase of 223 percent, from $1.64 on March 9. While on the other side, from Chicago to European destinations, rates reported an increase of 173 percent. From $0.96 on March 9, it went up to $2.63 per kg on April 13.
(Con’td) It’s not all good news however, with some people priced out of airfreight moving to rail - and liking it. In the meantime, a large section of cargo that used to travel in the air is moving to more predictable rail route between Europe and China. Stakeholders of air cargo fear that a significant amount of cargo will move to rail, permanently. On April 3, 2020, the freight forwarding company, Davies Turner announced that its weekly rail import service from China to the UK has broken previous records in transit times amid demand spike. Philip Stephenson, chairman, Davies Turner said “The impact of Covid-19 will push many shippers to rethink their supply chains, and that could see a lot more Asia-Europe air and ocean freight traffic moving permanently to the rail.”

Coronavirus chokes the drug trade from Wuhan, through Mexico and onto U.S. streets - The LA Times explains Wuhan is known for its production of chemicals, including the ingredients needed to cook fentanyl and other powerful synthetic opioids. Vendors there shipped huge quantities around the world. The biggest customers were Mexican drug cartels, which have embraced fentanyl in recent years because it is cheaper and easier to produce than heroin. But the novel coronavirus that emerged in Wuhan late last year before spreading across the planet has disrupted the fentanyl supply chain, causing a ripple effect that has cut into the profits of Mexican traffickers and driven up street drug prices across the United States. The narcotics trade, which relies on the constant movement of goods and people, has been stymied by lockdowns, travel bans and other efforts to contain the virus, according to government officials, academic researchers and drug traffickers.
(Cont’d) Logan Pauley, a researcher at C4ADS, a Washington-based think tank focused on transnational security, noticed a decrease in advertisements for fentanyl precursors. He said vendors switched to selling other products, including face masks and anti-malarial drugs that some doctors and politicians initially hoped would help treat the coronavirus. The drop in exports has left some Mexican drug producers with less access to needed chemicals. Simultaneously, cartels have encountered another colossal challenge: new restrictions on entry to the United States — the world’s biggest market for illegal drugs. Kameron Korte, a spokeswoman for the San Diego field division of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, said fentanyl pills in her region now sell for $7 each, up from $5 a few months ago. The average cost of methamphetamine has risen from $1,000 per pound to $1,400 per pound, she said. Similar price hikes have been seen in other parts of the country. Drug users have grumbled about rising prices on online forums. On a message board on the website Reddit, one person complained that prices of fentanyl pills in Phoenix had nearly doubled. “Border shut = less trafficking,” it said.

Supply chain news in brief













Donations


Several asked if they can send me $/£/€ via Patreon (in some cases because I've saved them time or money, others for no reason at all). I don't need the cash (that's lovely though) but as you may have read above, food bank charities are getting really hit hard with all this panic buying. Please consider giving whatever you'd have given me to a foodbank charity instead:
UK: https://www.trusselltrust.org/
France: https://www.banquealimentaire.org/
Germany: https://www.tafel.de/
Netherlands: https://www.voedselbankennederland.nl/steun-ons/steun-voedselbank-donatie/
Italy: https://www.bancoalimentare.it/it/node/1
Spain: https://www.fesbal.org/
Australia: https://www.foodbank.org.au/
Canada: https://www.foodbankscanada.ca/
USA: https://www.feedingamerica.org/
Thanks in advance for any donations you give. If there's foodbank charities in your country and it's not listed above, please suggest it and I will include it going forward.
submitted by Fwoggie2 to supplychain [link] [comments]


2020.02.28 21:55 wino_tim A Beginner’s Guide to Improving Your Lawn This Spring & Summer

-- PLEASE NOTE: While questions are very welcome in the comments, be sure to check the two part FAQ below this post as it gets into many of them! --

Three points of orientation:

Make sure this guide pertains to you. This guide was written for those who are growing cool season grasses. What does that mean? Well, there are all sorts of different grasses grown on home lawns but they can generally be split into two camps: cool season and warm season. Cool season grasses include fescue, bluegrass and rye, and are most often grown in the central to northern parts of the USA or in milder parts of southern California. If you live in one of these places, you very likely have cool season turf. Warm season grasses include bermuda, centipede, zoysia, St. Augustine and bahiagrass, and are most often grown in the south and southwestern parts of the country. The differences between cool season and warm season grasses are significant and just like you can’t cook a strip steak and a beef shank in the same way, this cool season plan is simply not going to work if you have warm season turf.
Have reasonable expectations. Sadly we have to begin with what for some of you will be a bitter pill to swallow: if your lawn is in really bad shape, following the steps in this guide is not going to take it from a “2” to a “10” by the end of the summer. The reason for this is simple: the time to renovate and truly transform cool season lawns is in late summer and early fall. The goal here is to make big, noticeable improvements and get you ready for fall when you can truly take your lawn to the next level.
About me and about this guide. I am a lawncare DIYer. Like many of you I bought a house and then had a realization that I had to take care of a lawn and had no idea what I was doing. This guide contains many of the lessons I learned in figuring things out. It also contains lessons learned from watching Allyn Hane (Lawn Care Nut), Pete Denny - u/gciturf (GCI Turf), Matt Martin - u/thegrassfactor (The Grass Factor) and Ryan Knorr, along with reading this sub and thelawnforum.com and listening carefully to the golf course professionals I know. That said, all of the writing is my own though I owe a significant debt of gratitude to u/SirThomasFraterson and u/Unabomber007 who generously read a draft of this guide and offered thoughtful suggestions and critique.

Late Winter (aka Where to Begin):

This is where you start. While it is obviously intended for you to complete these steps in February or early March, if you have found this guide later in the season you still want to start here. Every other step will depend on these things being done.

Step #1 - Measure Your Lawn.

This step is not optional. If you don’t know how big your lawn is there is no way you can apply anything to it as you’ll have no idea how much to apply. There are online tools you can use to get a rough idea of your yard’s size, but I have found they can be off by as much as two hundred square feet. My recommendation is to buy an appropriately sized tape measure or measuring wheel and actually walk your lawn. Unless you have a truly tiny yard, you’ll probably want to divide it up into different areas. To do this take your measurements and draw a small map of your property and identify your particular zones. Treat each area separately.

Step #2 - Get a Soil Test.

Like the previous step, this is not optional. When you are ill and go to the doctor, he (or she) performs tests before he takes any action. He doesn't just cut you open or prescribe random medications hoping everything will work out. Before you add anything to your lawn or do any work to it, you have to test your soil. You can do this at any point, I usually do mine in February. MySoil is an easy, though very expensive source for soil testing. A much cheaper option is to use your County Extension Office, which is staffed by state university employees focused on local agriculture and gardening issues. Find their site and then look around for soil testing; it’ll be there. (Once you find your office's website, it is worth bookmarking it. It will offer a lot of advice for lawncare that is particular to your state. Some of the advice might be considered conservative by the standards of many in this sub, but it is worth having, nonetheless).

Step #3 - Buy a good-quality mower, sprinkler setup, broadcast spreader, backpack or pump sprayer and a scale.

Lawncare is an equipment-driven hobby and there are tons of things you can buy but these five are are the essentials. Of course if you already have one of these items, only upgrade if you feel that your current equipment isn't doing the job.

Step #4 - Fix your pH, if your soil test says you need to.

When you get your soil test back it is most likely going to indicate that you have too little of several things, and perhaps that you have too much of one or two. Ignore everything right now except for pH. This is crucial. If your pH is out of whack it is going to affect your grass' ability to make use of nutrients in your soil. If your pH is low you'll want to add lime; something like ‎Pennington Fast Acting Lime will work. Add it according to your soil test's recommendations and in the amounts specified on the product’s label using your broadcast spreader. If your pH is too high, you'll want to add sulphur. Southern Ag Pelletized Soil Acidifier is a good product. You can apply lime or sulphur any time of the year that the ground is not frozen.

Early Spring:

Step #5 - Aerate your lawn… but only if it is necessary.

Lawn aeration is the process of pulling soil cores out of the lawn in an effort to reduce soil compaction and allow air, water and nutrients to reach the root zone of your grass. Perhaps due to the strident marketing efforts of a couple large lawncare firms, beginners tend to think that they must aerate their lawns every spring and fall. This is not true. You should only aerate your lawn in the spring if it needs it. How do you know if it needs it? Do the screwdriver test. Any day that the ground is not frozen, take a flat-head screwdriver and attempt to push it into the soil in several places in your lawn. The screwdriver should easily be able to sink into the ground. It it cannot, water your lawn lightly and try again. If it still cannot, you should consider aeration.

Step #6 - Apply a Pre-Emergent Herbicide.

A pre-emergent herbicide is exactly what it sounds like: something you put down to prevent weeds from emerging. It differs from the more common post-emergent herbicides (discussed in Step #9) that attack weeds that have already sprouted. A pre-emergent won't prevent all weeds - or even most - but it will prevent one devastating one: crabgrass, and because it can do that it is an essential part of spring lawncare. The two main options for pre-emergents are Prodiamine and Dithiopyr. Both work well and both come in a dizzying array of formulations, both brand name and generic, liquid and granular, and mixed with fertilizer or without it. The differences matter to a certain extent - and if you are new and can’t decide, go with this easy to apply granular from Sunniland - but what matters much more is getting one of them down at as close to the right time as possible. What is that right time? When your soil temperatures are approaching 55°F. How do you know when that is? Use this website, going back to 2019 and clicking around looking at the 5 year averages for various spring dates. Doing this will give you a rough idea of the right time. As that time approaches, check the website daily. When soil temperatures are consistently around 52 or 53°F - according to the 24 hour average - go ahead and apply.

Mid to Late Spring:

Step #7 - Throw down some fertilizer!

About two to three weeks after your first pre-emergent goes down you’ll want to apply fertilizer. This can get very complicated very quickly but I am going to try to keep it as simple as I can via the following sub-steps:
  1. Figure out how much nitrogen your lawn needs. Grass requires a lot of things, but chief among them when it comes to nutrients is nitrogen. What you want to do is apply between .75 pound and 1.5 pounds of nitrogen per thousand square feet of grass this spring in two split doses. Lean towards somewhere between .75 to 1 pound if you fertilized heavily last fall. Go heavier if you didn’t - particularly if you have never applied fertilizer to your lawn - or if your lawn was seeded or sodded in the latter half of last year. Do not exceed 1.5 pounds of nitrogen. More will not equal better in this context.
  2. Choose a fertilizer. Like lawn mowers, there are nearly endless options when it comes to fertilizer. The generalized nature of this post precludes an in-depth discussion of fertilizer brands. That said, if you are a true beginner, it is hard to go wrong with Milorganite. It is easy to apply and its iron content will give your lawn an enviable dark green color. Yes, there are cheaper fertilizers, better fertilizers, liquid fertilizers, etc. but Milo is a good place to start and available pretty much everywhere in the country.
  1. Translate this “x pounds of nitrogen per thousand feet” (from sub-step #1) into actual pounds of fertilizer. To do this you’ll need to do some very simple, middle school-level math. Any fertilizer you buy will show its analysis on its label. The first number in the trio refers to the percentage of nitrogen in the fertilizer. (The second refers to phosphorus, the third to potassium). To get the “pounds on the ground,” use the following formula: the amount of nitrogen you want to apply ÷ the fertilizer’s nitrogen percentage in decimal form.
  1. Take this ‘x pounds fertilizer per thousand square feet’ information and apply it to the different areas of your property.
  1. Split up your total fertilizer amount into two applications. The first application, to be done two to three weeks after your first pre-emergent goes down, should amount to 2/3rds of your total fertilizer. Your second application which should go down three weeks later should consist of the remaining 1/3rd.
  1. Apply using the same technique discussed in Step #4. As discussed there, lower your spreader setting when you are first beginning so as to ensure an even application.

Step #8 - Apply some humic acid and sea kelp.

This step is optional but I wouldn’t skip it unless you lack the money or time. Humic acid is derived from compressed organic mattter mined from the earth and in that sense it can almost be thought of as like an essence of compost. Humic acid will help improve your soil chemistry and structure and allow your grass to better take up the nutrients you provided it in Step #7. It will also encourage positive microbial growth in your soil. Sea kelp contains two major plant growth hormones that are thought to encourage root growth. There are products like N-EXT RGS and this blend from Simple Lawn Solutions that combine both humic acid and sea kelp (both are liquid products and are best applied using a cheap hose-end sprayer attachment) but you could also buy them separately: The Andersons makes an easy to apply humic acid granular and kelp4less.com offers a variety of sea kelp products. The latter two suggestions offer great value.

Step #9 - Kill your weeds.

Your lawn probably has weeds and spring is going to be a time they are going to rapidly grow. Getting rid of them is important as many weeds will outcompete your grass if given the chance. There are thousands of herbicides available but you’ll need just a couple:
  1. An all-purpose. This will be what you will use on most of your broadleaf weeds like dandelions and plantains. Bayer Advanced makes a product that is effective and available basically everywhere. Compare-n-Save makes an incredibly cheap version that works about as well. SpeedZone is a step up, a “higher power” product used by many professionals, but is not something I would recommend if you have never sprayed weeds before as over-spraying it can do serious damage.
  2. Something for clover. The above products will damage clover, but with the possible exception of SpeedZone, probably won’t knock it out. If you want to kill it - along with its “cousins,” oxalis and chickweed - you’ll need something that contains triclopyr. Your best option is the easy to find Weed B Gon Chickweed, Clover, Oxalis Killer.
  3. Specialty items for grassy weeds and other hard to kill items. A favorite of this sub, Tenacity works great on things like crabgrass, annual bluegrass, nimblewill, and yellow nutsedge. Quinclorac also works on crabgrass but if you put down a pre-emergent (Step #6) you shouldn’t have much to deal with. I’d hold off on buying either of these until you see if you actually need them.
A few details to note regarding herbicides:
How to spray weeds: This video from the Lawn Care Nut covers the basics of spot spraying. A few additional points that Allyn didn’t cover: Avoid watering or mowing for at least 24 hours after spraying. The point is to let the herbicide get absorbed into the weed and work its way through it. Washing the herbicide off with water or cutting the sprayed parts off with a mower will obviously hinder that effort.

Step #10 - Treat your lawn for grubs (if they are an issue in your neighborhood) and, if needed, treat for other insects.

Grubs are the larvae of beetles, to the untrained eye they look almost like little white shrimp. They commonly feed on the roots of grass plants and in doing so can devastate a lawn. Grubs are not present in every lawn or even in every neighborhood. I obviously can’t tell you if they are present in yours. You can ask around in your local garden center or chat with a neighbor who is into lawncare and see if he or she is treating for them. If you think grubs might be an issue for you, I suggest a two-pronged attack:

Summer:

Cool season grass has the name it does for a good reason: it thrives during the cooler days of spring and fall. And it struggles in summer, at least in any place where daytime highs exceed 85°F with any regularity. Thus, the proper approach to summer is to hang on, keep the grass healthy and prepare for fall when it can be at its best again.

Step #11 - Mow your lawn!

While I put this step in this section as it is most relevant to summer, make no mistake about it, you should begin mowing as soon as your grass beings growing in the spring. A few tips to help you along:

Step #12 - Water effectively.

If you live in a cooler, rainier place you might be able to get away without watering much in the spring but virtually everyone is going to have to water in the summer. Here are some tips to water effectively:

Step #13 - Prevent fungal diseases if you live in an area where they might strike.

While humans and animals are most often stricken with viral or bacterial diseases, these almost never occur in cool season grasses grown for home lawns. What do occur are fungal diseases. Fungi, as you might have learned in high school science, are a separate kingdom of organisms apart from plants, animals and other tiny things. Fungi that affect lawns require two things in order to grow: heat and humidity. If you have conditions where the temperature (in degrees Fahrenheit) and the percent humidity added together equal 150 or higher, you are at risk for disease. Things you can do to lower your risk include:

Step #14 - Plan for fall.

Fall is the optimal time to seed cool season lawns. If your lawn is thin, you’ll want to overseed it. The best time for this is when your soil temperatures fall to about 70°F. (To find out when this is use the tool linked to in Step #6). If you didn’t aerate in the spring, doing so in the fall - and then seeding - is generally a good idea. Spend some time figuring out what type of seed to plant, what type of starter fertilizer you are going to use, how you are going to control weeds and how you will handle watering. The more detailed your plan going into fall, the better your chances for success.

Plan Review:

NOW
WHEN SOIL TEMPERATURES APPROACH 55°F:
TWO TO THREE WEEKS LATER:
WHEN SOIL TEMPERATURES APPROACH 70°F:
THREE WEEKS AFTER FIRST FERTILIZER APPLICATION:
THROUGHOUT SUMMER:
submitted by wino_tim to lawncare [link] [comments]


2020.01.14 21:45 stepdoe VC 22349(a) and VC 22348(b), San Diego

A couple months ago I got pulled over for speeding on the I-5 freeway near Carlsbad, CA (San Diego County). I was recorded going 105mph and received two citations:
  1. VC 22349. (a): Except as provided in Section 22356, no person may drive a vehicle upon a highway at a speed greater than 65 miles per hour.
  2. VC 22348 (b): A person who drives a vehicle upon a highway at a speed greater than 100 miles per hour is guilty of an infraction punishable, as follows:
    1. Upon a first conviction of a violation of this subdivision, by a fine of not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500). The court may also suspend the privilege of the person to operate a motor vehicle for a period not to exceed 30 days pursuant to Section 13200.5.
I had to appear in court (which I did in December) and the judge, when reading off my violations, basically told me if I pleaded guilty then I may have my license suspended. I pleaded not guilty and set a return court date/trial on January 15th, tomorrow. If I could get any advice on to how to fight this, I would really appreciate it. This is my first speeding ticket and only second time getting pulled over (the first was for a non-speeding related infraction). What are my options here? I'm praying that the officer who gave me the ticket doesn't show up so my case may be dismissed, but assuming he does show up, is there anything I can do or say to help? I've heard of people asking for speed radar calibration records and things alike, but would that be relevant here? I've read online that for driving over 100 mph I most likely am not able to attend traffic school. I would hate for this to bump up my insurance premium. Is this common for someone to get a ticket for going >100MPH to also get a ticket for going >65MPH? It seems like the faster ticket has a more heftier fine (I don't remember exactly, but the price of both tickets summed up to over $1000). Could I possibly plead for one of the tickets to be dismissed and then attend traffic school? Thank you in advance.
submitted by stepdoe to CaliforniaTicketHelp [link] [comments]


2019.12.10 06:34 derkimster On This Date In California Weather History (December 9)

2013: Strong offshore winds peaked at 86 mph at Fremont Canyon (Santa Ana Mnts., Orange County).
2009: Bishop Airport recorded an overnight low of 5° F. This was a record low for the day breaking the previous record low of 8° F set on this date in 1947. It was also the coldest overnight low of any day since it was 1° F here on January 14, 2007.
2008: High pressure rebuilt over the central California interior, bringing more dense fog to the central and southern San Joaquin Valley. The worst dense fog conditions were prevalent during much of the overnight and morning hours on December 9, 10, 11, and 12, when visibilities were lowered to near zero in some areas due to very dense fog.
2007: Interstate-5 over the Grapevine was shut for a time overnight last night into this morning at the 4300 foot elevation (1,000 feet lower than Frazier Park) due to snowfall.
2007: A snow storm on 12.8 and on this day was nothing unusual except in the San Jacinto Mountains 17" fell in Pine Cove.
2003: Gusty southeast wind associated with a rain band swept through northern Kings County and into central Fresno County during the mid-evening hours of the 9th. Minor roof damage occurred in Kings County around 2040 PST and 7 weakened power poles were downed in West Fresno along Highway 99 with the sharp gusts. Over 5,000 local utility company customers were without power after 2100 hours on the 9th due to the wind damage. In the Southern Sierra Foothills and Tulare County Foothills some tree limbs were broken as speeds reached 51 mph and 34 mph, respectively. In the higher terrain of the Tulare County Mountains, a mesonet site had sustained wind of 33 mph with an isolated gust of 58 mph at 1121 PST on the 10th. 1998: Santa Ana winds started on this day and ended on 12/10. Gusts reached 101 mph at Modjeska Canyon, 93 mph at Fremont Canyon, 52 mph in Santa Ana, and 83 mph in Ontario. Across the northern Inland Empire numerous downed trees and powerlines were reported and power was knocked out to 180,000 customers. Seventeen trucks were blown over along Interstate15 and Highway 60. Blowing dust forced the closure of Ontario International Airport.
1995: A powerful storm system moved through the Bay Area with widespread winds over 40 mph with a max wind gust to 135 mph. These strong winds caused major damage to the Arboretum and many trees in Golden Gate Park.
1985: Strong storm winds of at least 35 mph hit the San Diego County coast. Several boats in Mission Bay were capsized. Numerous trees were downed causing power outages, one on a car on Hwy. 163, another on a parked car in Coronado.
1982: Heavy rain in eastern San Diego County that started 12.8 ended on this day. Flooding resulted, and it was disastrous in Ocotillo.
1978: Highest barometric pressure ever at Fresno tied, 30.64" (also set on February 1, 1916 and December 25, 1932).
1972: The morning low at Portola was -28° F and at Truckee it was -22° F. The morning low of –16° F at Reno, NV, remains the record low for the month of December at Reno, NV.
1972: Lowest ever in December, Lodgepole (Sequoia NP) had -16° F, and Grant Grove, -4° F.
1965: Daggett, CA, recorded 1.01" of rain which was the second greatest one day total in December.
1963: Heavy snow fell in the mountains of Southern California. Five were killed and six were injured. Highways were blocked.
1960: It was -14° F in Big Bear Lake, the lowest temperature on record for December.
1938: It was 92° F in Escondido, the highest temperature on record for December.
1918: 12" of snow fell at Tahoe City (west shore Lake Tahoe).
1898: A waterspout was observed off Mt. Soledad – La Jolla and Pt. Loma for 10 minutes. This was considered the first such thing in history on this stretch of coast. Heavy rain caused the railroad to be washed out and a half mile of it was covered in mud in Rose Canyon, near Pacific Beach. A trestle in Chollas valley was washed out, causing “several hundred dollars” in damage.
Source: NWS San Francisco/Monterey, Hanford, Reno, Las Vegas, & San Diego
submitted by derkimster to CaliforniaDisasters [link] [comments]


2019.11.30 06:29 Better_Call_Salsa Weekend Events & Discussion Thread (Nov 30 - Dec 1, 2019)

Community News
Current Priorities

Volunteer Events (12/1) View All
SC - Myrtle Beach #HumanityFirst Letter Writing Party
SC - Columbia Canvassing Lexington County
NH - Keene Canvass for Andrew's in-person NH Events
NH - Nashua Canvassing Event
NH - Peterborough Pledge for Humanity
CA - Oakland #PledgeForHumanity Project
CA - Sacramento Certified Farmers Market Tabling
CA - Mountain View #PledgeForHumanity
CA - San Diego Crowd Yanging Event at Leucadia Farmers Market
CA - Cerritos Pledge for Humanity - Yangsgiving Clean Up
VA - Falls Church #PledgeforHumanity Food Drive
MN - St. Paul Hmong New Year - Tabling
SC - Aiken #PledgeForHumanity Event
SC - Greenville Canvassing Event
SC - Greenville Phonebanking Party
SC - Columbia Canvassing Lexington County
IL - Chicago #PledgeforHumanity w/White Castle
LA - Walker #PledgeForHumanity
IA - Windsor Heights #PledgeForHumanity
NY - Albany Homeless Street Outreach #PledgeForHumanity
NY - Brooklyn Yangsgiving
Volunteer Events 12/2

Upcoming Events
Dec 2 Town Hall in Keene, NH
Town Hall in Hanover, NH
Dec 3 Town Hall @ Kendal Retirement Community
Town Hall in New London, NH
Dec 5 Rally in Chicago, IL
Fundraiser in Chicago, IL
Dec 6 MATH Class in Dallas, TX
Fundraiser in Dallas, TX (5 - 7pm)
Fundraiser in Dallas, TX (7 - 9pm)
Dec 9 Fundraiser in Manhattan, NY
Dec 10 Rally in Des Moines, IA
Beers With Andrew - Burlington, IA
Dec 11 Bowling With Andrew - Davenport, IA
submitted by Better_Call_Salsa to YangForPresidentHQ [link] [comments]


2019.11.14 12:09 derkimster On This Date In California Weather History (November 14)

2014: A weak disturbance moved through across southern California on November 13 and 14 but brought only mid and high clouds across central California with some virga. Despite this disturbance, dense fog formed in the San Joaquin Valley during the morning hours of the 14th. Visibility was less than 1/4 mile at many locations including Madera, Fresno, Visalia, Hanford, and Lemoore. At times visibility was less than 200 feet.
2004: Dense Fog lowered visibility to much less than 1/4-mile over widespread areas of the Central and South San Joaquin Valley during the early morning hours from the 14th through the 17th. One indirect fatality occurred in Kings County from the dense fog on the14th.
2001: The second winter storm of the winter season brought anywhere from 8" to 17" of snow to elevations above 6500 feet in the Southern Sierra Nevada to the Kern County Line in Central California in less than 14 hours.
2000: 8" of new snow fell at Ostrander Lake in the Southern Sierra Nevada with a water equivalent of 0.75".
1998: One of the states's worst multiple vehicle accidents occurred in dense fog beginning at 0850 PST Saturday, November 14. Over 74 vehicles, including 19 tractor-trailer rigs, were involved within a 1-mile stretch of State Highway 99 approximately 2 to 3 miles southeast of Kingsburg in Tulare County. There were 2 fatalities, and 51 injuries, 10 of those critical, of the 132 people involved.
Dense fog advisories had been issued along with short term forecasts beginning at 1600 PST Friday afternoon. California Highway Patrol had been issuing statements about the dangers of dense fog specifically within the preceding 48 hours before the accident(s). Within Fresno County another 8 accidents occurred due to excessive speed in dense fog from the time period from 0710 to 0955 PST. While two of these accidents occurred in rural Fresno County, 6 of them occurred along Highway 99 between Herndon and Shaw in Northwest Fresno. The number of vehicles involved varied from 2 to 6 at each of these accident sites (the largest involving 6 cars at Highway 99 and Herndon Ave at 0725 PST). The number of vehicles involved through the Fresno area was 30 with 22 injuries reported. On State Highway 198 approximately 2 miles west of Highway 99 in Tulare County over 8 vehicles, including 2 tractor-trailer rigs,were involved in another area of fog-related accidents around 0830 PST. There were at least 5 injuries from this series of accidents. M42VE, F69VE
1995: Daggett, CA, recorded a high temperature of 85° F, setting a daily record. 1964: A trace of snow was reported in Alpine, the earliest measurable snowfall on record. Trace amounts of snow also occurred in Campo. This was one of only two times snow has been recorded there during November.
1955: Storm system generated gusty winds in the Kern County deserts blowing down TV aerials and sand-blasting cars in Randsburg. In the Tehachapis, road were closed due to snow.
1949: First day with dense fog observed this month in Fresno. There were a total of 14 days this November in Fresno, a record for the month.
1946: 11" of snow was reported at Glenbrook, NV (east shore Lake Tahoe).
1933: It was 100° F in Santa Ana, the latest date in the season to record 100° F or higher.
1931: 14" of snow fell at Tahoe City (west shore Lake Tahoe).
1916: Petaluma had a low temperature of 20° F -- a record for the month.
1909: 10.5" of snow fell at Reno, NV.
Source: NWS San Francisco/Monterey, Hanford, Reno, Las Vegas, & San Diego
submitted by derkimster to CaliforniaDisasters [link] [comments]


2019.11.09 08:22 derkimster On This Date In California Weather History (November 7)

2014: In the wake of the storm that moved through the region on Halloween, bringing up to 1" of rain in the San Joaquin Valley, areas of dense fog developed each night between November 2 and November 10. Most of the nights, the area affected was primarily along Highway 198 in the vicinity of Hanford and along Highway 43 from Selma to Corcoran. There were a few school bus delays due to the fog. However, on the morning of November 7, the area of dense fog became more widespread and included the Fresno area. On that morning, the visibility at Fresno-Yosemite International fell to 1/16 of a mile, delaying all flights into and out of the airport. The fog also caused 10 school bus delays. On the morning of November 9, there was a fatality traffic accident that occurred in the dense fog involving 1 vehicle and a pole.
2011: A slow moving Pacific storm produced isolated heavy snow in the higher terrain of Mohave County (in the northwest corner of AZ near CA border).
The observer at Diamond M Ranch measured 6.5" of snow.
2008: El Cajon’s afternoon high temperature reached 99° F, a record for the month.
2007: In dense morning fog, the oil tanker Cosco Busan crashed into a tower of the Bay Bridge. An assessment by the Coast Guard of the causes of the crash concluded that the decision of those in charge of the container ship to set sail in dense fog played a key role in the Nov. 7 accident, which spilled 53,000 gallons of fuel oil into the bay, fouling miles of Bay Area and ocean shoreline and killing thousands of birds. Government agencies estimated the cleanup cost at $70 million. The ship's pilot eventually pleaded guilty to federal pollution charges and was sentenced to 10 months in prison.
2005: The first significant snow of the winter season moved across the northern portion of Interior Central California and brought several inches of snow to higher elevations of the Southern Sierra Nevada. Mammoth Mountain reported 8" of new snow at the 9000 foot elevation during the night of the 7th and early morning of the 8th.
2002: After a relatively benign active weather month in October, November also started slow for Interior Central California.
However, the first major trough off from the East Pacific combined with tropical moisture from Hurricane Huko a southern latitudes brought copious amounts of rain (snow levels at or above 9,000 feet Mean Sea Level) and gusty wind at higher elevations from the 7th until early on the 9th. What was unusual for this area was the change from the normal summefall dry conditions to the wet season in such dramatic fashion with little in the way of transition. During the period in the Southern Sierra Nevada 46" of new snow fell at Volcanic Knob and Upper Burnt Corral; and in the Tulare County Mountains 80" fell at Chagoopa Plateau. Numerous foothill locations received 5-10" of rain within the 3-day period in the foothills of the Southern Sierra Nevada. Johnsondale, in Tulare County received 16.38" of rain in the 3-day period. On the San Joaquin Valley floor Merced received 1.80" in 3 days, Fresno1.76"; Hanford 1.44"; and, Bakersfield 1.29." Rainfall amounts for the 8th were over 1" at several Valley locations thereby establishing new 24-hour rainfall records, e.g. Fresno's old record for the 8th was 0.23" ... new record 0.98". There were 23 pole fires caused by wind and arcing reported by Southern California Edison utility and ultimately affected 102,000 residents in the Central and Southern S.J. Valley.
2002: The first storm of the winter season moved onshore bringing heavy rain and windy conditions for Interior Central California on the7th. Numerous locations reported gusty wind with damage reported to powerlines due to arcing and felled trees. In the Kern Mountains poles were downed in the Weldon and Onyx area east of Lake Isabella and around Mt.Mesa and Southlake around 3:30AM on the 8th. In the Kern Desert, Indian Wells Canyon and Laural Mountain reported wind in excess of 50 MPH at both locations. This significant frontal passage brought gusty wind with speeds of 40 to 44 MPH across the Central San Joaquin Valley and into the neighboring foothills of the Southern Sierra Nevada. In conjunction with this multiple day precipitation event from the 7th through the 9th, gusty wind continued to buffet the Kern County Mountains and Deserts. Wind was often reported with 40+MPH gusts at several different automated reporting sites. There were spikes of 74 and 91 MPH at Indian Wells Canyon at 1613 PST and 1713 PST in the early afternoon of the 9th during the event.In the Mojave area winds again were generally around 40+MPH on the 8th into the 9th with a few gusts to 60 Knots at the Inyokern Airport during the afternoon of the 9th.
2002: Tehachapi in Kern County reported 4.67" of rain and Lodgepole in Tulare County received 11.55" of rain in the 3-day period from the 7th to the 9th along with the 16.38" at Johnsondale. Despite the very dry antecedent conditions, this amount of rainfall lead to flooding problems...especially in and around the Tulare County Mountains. Snow levels were relatively high, at 9000 feet MSL. Park Dispatch reported washouts on Parker Pass Road and the Road below Durwood Resort in Southeast Tulare County, as well as the road that leads from Johnsondale southward to Kernville in Kern County. Flooding also occurred along Highway 178 near Kelso in Kern County (Glennville received 6" of rain); rock/mudslides occurred on Highway 168 and Highway 180 in the S.Sierra Nevada foothills; and, with numerous rock/mudslides, and road erosion problems, the Tulare County foothill roadways of the General's Highway and Mineral King were closed. Sequoia National Park had to evacuate folks from a flooded trailer park near Ash Mountain on the morning of the 9th. Due to erosion problems with the McNally Fire in Southeast Tulare and Northeast Kern Counties, debris was spread across many mountain roads in the area as well as contributing to a fish kill in the Kern River. Additional flooding and mudslide problems were noted along Highway 178 in Kern County. Peak flow into Lake Isabella from the Kern River was 26,500CFS on Friday night, the 8th. The lake storage increased from 82,000 acre-feet to 109,000 acre-feet and increased in elevation 5 feet in a 2-day period from the 8th to 9th.
2000: Santa Ana winds gusted to 82 mph at Fremont Canyon (Santa Ana Mountains).

1999: First Winter Storm of the season (lowered threshold) as 8" of snow fell at Tuolumne Meadows overnight. Snow levels were restricted to higher elevations (generally above 6500 feet MSL).
The first substantial autumn rain (and first since 4/12/99) led to transmission line transformer shorts and power loss to 14,000 local utility customers in the Central and Southern San Joaquin Valley. The problems were repaired by the afternoon of the 8th. Rainfall amounts on the San Joaquin Valley floor varied from 0.20" to 0.66" of rain ... and 1.0" to 1.5" in the adjacent foothills.
1998: Winter storm warnings were posted for CA Zones 22/23 for Saturday November 7th from afternoon through the evening but widespread storm conditions did not materialize in Zone 23. However 1st season storm snow amounts were received with the Tuolumne Ranger Station reporting a total snow of 8" over a 24 hour period of November 7th...3" on the ground by 0900 PST with another 5" in the afternoon as reported by the morning of the 8th. Lodgepole in the Tulare County Mountains received 0.78" of rain but snow levels were above the station height. A Winter Storm Watch was posted on the 6th at 1600 PST with warnings issued subsequently at 0400 PST on the 7th.
1991: It was 100° F in Palm Springs, the latest date in the season to record 100° F or higher on record.
1988: It was 98° F in Borrego Springs, the highest temperature on record for November.
1987: Hayfork residents couldn't help but feel a bit of uncertainty now that nearly 60,000 acres of timberland in the area were charred by forest fires. In Hayfork, a community of about 2,000, some 150 people were employed at the mill, but others would also be affected.
1969: A funnel cloud was reported near John Wayne Airport.
1966: Four tornadoes struck LA and Orange Counties. A small tornado struck downtown Newport Beach. Damage to multiple boats, cars and structures was reported, though no major injuries or fatalities occurred. A second tornado touched down in Lawndale and moved north 8.5 miles through Hawthorne, Lennox and Inglewood, removing roofs from buildings as it went, including three schools.
Shattered glass was thrown everywhere, injuring several people.
Later in the afternoon, 2 more tornadoes touched down, one in Willowbrook (Compton) and one in Costa Mesa.

1950: Campo set a record for November with a high temperature of 92° F.
1941: High of 91° F, latest 90° F or better reading on record in Bakersfield since observations started at Meadows Field in 1928.
1926: A monthly record high of 101° F was set in Indio.
Source: NWS San Francisco/Monterey, Hanford, Reno, Phoenix, & San Diego and the Redding Record-Searchlight
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2019.08.13 20:58 ThatPackerFan NFL100: 100 Days, 100 Years (Day 78)

"This one's for John"-Pat Bowlen
To celebrate 100 days until the 100th season, it is time to continue counting down to the historic centennial season of the National Football League.
Over the 100 days leading up to kickoff, we’ll look at each season since the very beginning, and how the league has evolved to today’s game.
Season 78: 1997 NFL (National Football League)
Duration: August 31, 1997-January 25, 1998
Teams: 30
1997 NFL Draft: 240 selections (7 rounds), held in New York City, NY.
1997 First Draft Pick: Orlando Pace, Offensive Tackle from Ohio State University (St. Louis Rams)
1997 AP Most Valuable Player: Brett Favre, Quarterback (Green Bay Packers) / Barry Sanders, Running Back (Detroit Lions)
Super Bowl XXXII: Denver Broncos (AFC) defeated Green Bay Packers (NFC) 31-24 at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego, CA.
This season featured the following rule changes:
-When a team fakes a punt and throws the ball downfield, pass interference will not be called on the two outside defenders who are actually trying to block a coverage man from getting downfield and might not even know the ball has been thrown.
-In order to reduce taunting and excessive celebrations, no player may remove his helmet while on the playing field except during timeouts, between quarters, and in the case of an injury. Violating the rule results in a 15-yard penalty. This is known as the "Emmit Smith rule" after the Dallas Cowboys' running back's habit of taking his helmet off every time he scored a touchdown.
During the off-season, the Houston Oilers relocated to Nashville, TN and were renamed the "Tennessee Oilers". They played their games in Memphis, TN until their new stadium was completed in Nashville.
Starting in 1990, the league added 2 additional playoff teams to round out the playoff field to 12 teams (6 from each conference). From 1990 to the end of the 2001 season, there were 3 division winners per conference as well as 3 wild cards. The top 2 division winners would have a bye week to the divisional round, while the others played on wild card weekend. Since 1990, the league altered the rules of division opponents facing off in the divisional round of the playoffs, there was ban on that until 1990, but now division opponents can meet any weekend of the post-season (except the Super Bowl). The highest seeds remaining after the divisional round would host the conference title games.
The playoff qualifiers were:
AFC Seed NFC
Kansas City Chiefs (13-3) [West] #1 San Francisco 49ers (13-3) [West]
Pittsburgh Steelers (11-5) [Central] #2 Green Bay Packers (13-3) [Central]
New England Patriots (10-6) [East] #3 New York Giants (10-5-1) [East]
Denver Broncos (12-4) [Wild Card] #4 Tampa Bay Buccaneers (10-6) [Wild Card]
Jacksonville Jaguars (11-5) [Wild Card] #5 Detroit Lions (9-7) [Wild Card]
Miami Dolphins (9-7) [Wild Card] #6 Minnesota Vikings (9-7) [Wild Card]
Wild Card Playoffs
Minnesota Vikings defeated New York Giants 23-22 at Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, NJ.
Denver Broncos defeated Jacksonville Jaguars 42-17 at Mile High Stadium in Denver, CO.
New England Patriots defeated Miami Dolphins 17-3 at Foxboro Stadium in Foxborough, MA.
Tampa Bay Buccaneers defeated Detroit Lions 20-10 at Houlihan's Stadium in Tampa, FL.
Divisional Playoffs
Pittsburgh Steelers defeated New England Patriots 7-6 at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh, PA.
San Francisco 49ers defeated Minnesota Vikings 38-22 at 3Com Park in San Francisco, CA.
Green Bay Packers defeated Tampa Bay Buccaneers 21-7 at Lambeau Field in Green Bay, WI.
Denver Broncos defeated Kansas City Chiefs 14-10 at Arrowhead Stadium in Kansas City, MO.
Conference Championships
AFC Championship Game: Denver Broncos defeated Pittsburgh Steelers 24-21 at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh, PA.
NFC Championship Game: Green Bay Packers defeated San Francisco 49ers 23-10 at 3Com Park in San Francisco, CA.
Super Bowl XXXII
The Denver Broncos and Green Bay Packers competed in Super Bowl XXXII at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego, CA. The attendance was 68,912 while NBC held the broadcast duties. The defending champion Packers were favored to repeat by 11 points.
Packers wide receiver Antonio Freeman returned the opening kickoff 19 yards to the Green Bay 24-yard line. On the third play of the drive, quarterback Brett Favre kept the offense on the field by completing a 13-yard pass to Freeman on 3rd down and 9. Then running back Dorsey Levens rushed the ball on three consecutive plays, gaining 27 yards to advance to the Denver 35-yard line. Favre finished the drive with two completions to Freeman: the first one for 13 yards, and the second one a 22-yard touchdown pass to give the Packers a 7–0 lead (the Packers were the third team to take the opening kickoff down the field and score a touchdown on that drive; the other two were the Miami Dolphins in Super Bowl VIII and the San Francisco 49ers in Super Bowl XXIX).
The Broncos responded with a touchdown of their own. Denver running back Vaughn Hebron returned the ensuing kickoff 32 yards to their own 42-yard line. Denver then drove to the Green Bay 46-yard line. On third down, a holding penalty on Packers defensive back Doug Evans nullified quarterback John Elway's incompletion and gave the Broncos a first down. On the next play, running back Terrell Davis ran the ball 27 yards to the 14-yard line. Then after a 2-yard run by Davis, Elway scrambled 10 yards to gain a first down at the 2-yard line. Two plays later, Davis capped off the 10-play, 58-yard drive with a 1-yard touchdown run to tie the game (this is to date the only Super Bowl in which both teams scored TDs on their opening drives).
On the second play of the Packers' next possession, Denver defensive back Tyrone Braxton intercepted a pass from Favre at Green Bay's 45-yard line. Aided by five runs by Davis for 29 yards, the Broncos marched 45 yards to score on Elway's 1-yard touchdown run on the first play of the 2nd quarter, taking a 14–7 lead.
Elway's touchdown play involved a fake handoff to Davis, who was previously taken out of the game during the drive because the onset of a migraine headache after being inadvertently tripped by LeRoy Butler had severely impaired his vision. But head coach Mike Shanahan decided to send him into the game for the 3rd-down play, believing that the Packers would not be fooled by a fake handoff without Davis on the field. Davis later said his vision was so impaired that he was afraid Elway would call an audible at the line and try to hand him the ball. Despite his blurred vision, Davis perfectly executed the play, drawing the Green Bay defense into the middle of the line as Elway rushed to the right and into the end zone completely untouched. By the second half, Davis had taken migraine medication, and his vision had returned to normal, allowing him to play the rest of the game.
On the Packers' ensuing possession, Broncos safety Steve Atwater forced a fumble while sacking Favre, and defensive end Neil Smith recovered the ball on the Packers 33-yard line. Although the Broncos were unable to get a first down, kicker Jason Elam made a 51-yard field goal, the second longest in Super Bowl history, to increase Denver's lead to 17–7. Both teams went three-and-out on their next possessions, and Denver punter Tom Rouen's 47-yard kick planted Green Bay at their own 5-yard line with 7:38 left in the quarter. But Green Bay stormed down the field on their ensuing drive, marching 95 yards in 17 plays and scoring with Favre's 6-yard touchdown pass to tight end Mark Chmura with just 12 seconds left in the half. Thus at halftime, the Broncos held onto a slim 17–14 lead.
Green Bay kicked to Denver to start the second half. On the first play after the kickoff, Packer defensive back Tyrone Williams forced and recovered a fumble from Davis. Green Bay took possession with good field position at the Broncos 26-yard line to begin the second half. But Denver's defense forced a three-and-out. However, on the ensuing field goal attempt, Denver's special teams was called for an offsides penalty, giving the Packers a second 1st and 10 at the Broncos 15-yard line, but the broncos defense forced a second three-and-out in back to back possessions to start the second half, the drive stalled at the 9-yard line, forcing the Packers to settle for a 27-yard Ryan Longwell field goal, tying the game at 17–17.
Green Bay kicked off once again and Denver's offense stalled once more, resulting in a punt, giving the Packers possession with good field position again near their 40-yard line. But once again, Denver's defense forced another three-and-out. Forcing Green Bay's offense to punt for a third straight three-and-out to begin the second half. However, again on the ensuing punt, the Broncos special teams were called for an offsides penalty, giving Green Bay a fresh set of downs near midfield. Denver's defense then forced another punt with a fourth three-and-out in a row, marking four three-and-out possessions in a row for the Broncos Defense to start the second half.
Green Bay punter Craig Hentrich's 51-yard kick pinned the Broncos back at their own 8-yard line. But the Packers' defense could not stop Denver as they marched on a 13-play, 92-yard drive to regain the lead. Aided by a 36-yard reception by receiver Ed McCaffrey, the Broncos advanced to the Green Bay 12-yard line. On 3rd down and six from the 12-yard line, Elway scrambled for an 8-yard run and dove for the first down, a play in which he was hit so hard by Packers defenders Butler and Mike Prior that he spun sideways through the air. This run was later referred to as "The Helicopter," and what many consider as Elway's career-defining moment and the defining moment of Super Bowl XXXII. Two plays later, Davis scored on another 1-yard touchdown run, giving the Broncos the lead, 24–17.
On the ensuing kickoff, Denver's special teams player Detron Smith ran full speed into the wedge of the Green Bay blockers, forcing Freeman outside, to his left. Freeman was hit as he held the ball exposed running sideways and fumbled, then Denver defensive back Tim McKyer recovered the ball at the Packers 22-yard line. Immediately, the Broncos tried to capitalize on the turnover by trying to throw for a touchdown, a pass intended for Rod Smith as he ran a post pattern following a fake handoff and a roll out by Elway, but Packers safety Eugene Robinson intercepted Elway's pass in the end zone and returned it to the 15-yard line.
After the interception, the Packers marched 85 yards on four straight pass completions, three of them receptions by Freeman, to tie the game once again 1:28 into the 4th quarter with Freeman's 13-yard touchdown catch. On the scoring play, Freeman and Robert Brooks ran a "criss-cross" pattern, with Freeman on the inside running towards the sidelines. Denver defensive back Darrien Gordon hesitated as to which receiver to cover, and Favre hit Freeman for the score. Tying the game at 24-24.
After the ensuing kick-off, the Packers forced Denver's offense to Punt. With a short punt of only 33 yards, the Packers then took possession with good field position having 1st-and-10 at their own 48 yard line. The Packers then drove to Denver's 39 yard line on offense with the game tied at 24. Having the ball on the Broncos 39 yard line, on 3rd and 8 Favre dropped back to pass and Denver's defense blitzed, leaving Robert Brooks in one-on-one coverage deep. Farve attempted the pass to a seemingly wide open Brooks at Denver's 16-yard line but Broncos Safety Steve Atwater closed in and knocked the pass away at the last second, leaving the Packers just outside of field-goal range and forcing another punt. The Packers' defense was able to stop Denver's offense on the ensuing possession again. Giving Green Bay a chance to make a long game winning drive with 5:25 remaining in the game and First-and-10 starting at their own 10-yard line, needing a long drive but having 3 time league MVP Brett Farve at the helm. With the game in the balance, the Bronco defense forced a fifth critical three-and-out of the second half. Packers kicker Hentrich then punted the ball 39 yards to the Packers 49-yard line. Thus now shifting the balance to Denver with their chance to end the game on a potentially game winning drive with only 3:27 left in the game. On the first play of the ensuing drive, Packers linebacker Darius Holland committed a 15-yard facemask penalty while tackling Davis on a 2-yard run, moving the ball to the 32-yard line. Two plays later, Elway completed a 23-yard pass to fullback Howard Griffith, aided by a powerful block by Ed McCaffrey. A holding penalty pushed the Broncos back to the 18-yard line, but then Davis rushed 17 yards to the 1-yard line, and the Broncos called a timeout. This left the Broncos facing 2nd and goal with 1:47 left on the clock. Green Bay had two timeouts remaining.
Packers coach Mike Holmgren told his team to let the Broncos score to maximize the time the Packers would have on the clock for a potential game-tying drive. He admitted later that he had thought that it was 1st and goal rather than 2nd and goal, crucial to clock management decision making on the play. Davis then scored his third rushing touchdown on 2nd and goal, leaving 1:45 on the clock. The Broncos now had a one-touchdown lead, at 31–24.
The Packers attempted one final drive to try to tie the game before the end of regulation and send the contest into overtime. Shanahan famously instructed his defensive coordinators to keep playing the same blitzing defense as Green Bay attempted to drive downfield in the final two minutes of the game, rather than playing prevent defense. Freeman returned the Broncos' kickoff 22 yards to the 30-yard line. On the very first play of the drive, the Packers immediately advanced to the Broncos 48-yard line with a 22 yard screen pass, leaving 1:30 still remaining in the game with 2 time-outs remaining. But following the first pass, rather than use one of their timeouts, the Packers hurried to the line of scrimmage and ran a second consecutive screen pass, which was stopped for no-gain but cost the Packers 19 seconds, leaving 1:11 left in the game and also forced the Packers to take one of their two time-outs.
On the next play Favre completed another pass to Levens. Levens picked up 13 more yards and he was able to run out of bounds, stopping the clock with 1:04 left in the game with Packers having possession of the ball 1st-and-10 at the Broncos 35 yard line with one time-out remaining. The Broncos defense would stop the Packers on the next four downs. On the first down play, Favre completed a 4-yard pass to Levens, but he was stopped in bounds. The Packers hurried to the line but 20 second ran off before Favre could attempt a second pass. On second down, Favre attempted a pass downfield that hit the receiver in both hands and the chest at the Broncos 15 but Antonio Freeman could not handle the ball. The incomplete pass stopped the clock, but left the packers with a 3rd-and-six and now only :37 seconds remaining. On 3rd down, Favre intended the pass for receiver Robert Brooks covered by Denver's Randy Hilliard, but both were blasted by Atwater's seismic hit. All three players were knocked out of the game, forcing an incomplete pass. Due to the injuries suffered by both teams and because of NFL rules regarding to injuries to players in the final two minutes of the game, both teams were charged a timeout. Leaving the Packers with no time-outs remaining and in 4th down and 6 and the clock stopped at :32 seconds remaining with the ball at the Broncos' 31-yard line. On 4th down, Denver linebacker John Mobley broke up a pass intended for Chmura, enabling the Broncos to take the ball back and run out the clock for the victory. During the post-game victory celebration, Broncos owner Pat Bowlen held the Vince Lombardi Trophy in the air and said, "This one's for John," referring to the fact that Elway's long quest for a Super Bowl victory was finally complete.
It was a long-awaited victory for the Denver Broncos, having appeared in 4 previous Super Bowls and losing them all in convincing fashion, the Denver Broncos finally won a Super Bowl title. It was the first of 3 so far, as the Broncos won the following year in Super Bowl XXXIII, and again won Super Bowl 50. The win for the Broncos also snapped a 13-game streak in Super Bowls where the NFC representative was victorious, turning the tide for the AFC, who won 14 of the next 22 Super Bowls from XXXII to LIII. The Green Bay Packers would not return to the Super Bowl again until Super Bowl XLV where they would defeat the Pittsburgh Steelers.
If you want to catch up, check the previous days to see some other history on the NFL’s 100 Years:
1920 APFA Season
1921 APFA Season
1922 NFL Season
1923 NFL Season
1924 NFL Season
1925 NFL Season
1926 NFL Season
1927 NFL Season
1928 NFL Season
1929 NFL Season
1930 NFL Season
1931 NFL Season
1932 NFL Season
1933 NFL Season
1934 NFL Season
1935 NFL Season
1936 NFL Season
1937 NFL Season
1938 NFL Season
1939 NFL Season
1940 NFL Season
1941 NFL Season
1942 NFL Season
1943 NFL Season
1944 NFL Season
1945 NFL Season
1946 NFL Season
1947 NFL Season
1948 NFL Season
1949 NFL Season
1950 NFL Season
1951 NFL Season
1952 NFL Season
1953 NFL Season
1954 NFL Season
1955 NFL Season
1956 NFL Season
1957 NFL Season
1958 NFL Season
1959 NFL Season
1960 NFL Season / 1960 AFL Season
1961 NFL Season / 1961 AFL Season
1962 NFL Season / 1962 AFL Season
1963 NFL Season / 1963 AFL Season
1964 NFL Season / 1964 AFL Season
1965 NFL Season / 1965 AFL Season
1966 NFL Season / 1966 AFL Season
1967 NFL Season / 1967 AFL Season
1968 NFL Season / 1968 AFL Season
1969 NFL Season / 1969 AFL Season
1970 NFL Season
1971 NFL Season
1972 NFL Season
1973 NFL Season
1974 NFL Season
1975 NFL Season
1976 NFL Season
1977 NFL Season
1978 NFL Season
1979 NFL Season
1980 NFL Season
1981 NFL Season
1982 NFL Season
1983 NFL Season
1984 NFL Season
1985 NFL Season
1986 NFL Season
1987 NFL Season
1988 NFL Season
1989 NFL Season
1990 NFL Season
1991 NFL Season
1992 NFL Season
1993 NFL Season
1994 NFL Season
1995 NFL Season
1996 NFL Season
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2019.08.06 18:33 teslamotorsarchive ARCHIVE - Lessons from a recent road trip

Lessons from a recent road trip
Submitted August 06, 2019 at 12:13PM by GriffGriffin https://ift.tt/2YrSRQg
via /teslamotors ---- Content:
My wife and I just finished a trip from Venice, CA to Woodland Park, CO and I’d like to share my experience. First, some house cleaning: I am not a writer. Please do not expect a professionally written piece of journalism. I just wanted to share my experience and lessons learned to benefit the community. We own a black on black Model 3 Dual Motor Long Range named Stuntship. Our plan at the beginning was to stop in Moab for two days on the way there and stop at the Grand Canyon and Hoover Dam on the way back. We hit the road at 6am on Monday July 29th. We bought the car (I just went to the Tesla web site to get the exact date of purchase and the site is not working) anyhow, we bought it in March. My wife took it to San Diego for a conference and used a supercharger while there, but for me, this trip would be the first time I charged in the wild. Our first stop was in Baker, CA. I didn’t know what I was doing, this being the first time I used a Supercharger, and pulled up to the first charging station I saw. It was not in the shade. *Note, it is better, if possible, to find a charging stall in the shade as you will most likely spend some time sitting in your car, and with the climate set at 66 and the outside temp being 110, the car was quite warm. We walked around, went to the abandoned hotel and took some photos, bought some snacks/water. It was fun. After about 40 mins, it was back on the road. We were thinking of stopping in Vegas for a little mischief and made a game-time decision against it, while we felt the pull, we went on the St. George, UT to charge and grab some lunch. We found a the Supercharger, plugged in and walked over the Egg and I for some lunch. This may be the best part of road trips that force you to stop and take a little time. Our waitress was a doll and told us all about her life and what it was like living in Utah. We probably stayed an extra 15 mins just so we could keep chatting with her. With a full belly and heart, we took off and drove to Green River. The trip planner said we could make it to Moab with 6% left, but the way I was driving there was no way. Speed limit in Utah is 80 mph and averaging 88 drains the battery faster. *Note - Someone need to develop an algorithm that looks at the fun and joy of overtaking slower drivers, the fun and joy of knowing you are “making great time” relative to other drivers, vs the need to stop and charge more often. We thought about the actual math of driving aggressively and shorter stops vs driving normal with longer stops and longer range, but in the end, once rolling it was hard to keep it slow. The car is just so much fun to drive. Green River is beautiful. The charging station, not so much. This is where we first experienced a few problems. The Supercharge is in a museum parking lot and the hotel next door isn’t big on letting you use the facilities. The museum has a bathroom, and I understand that when it is open they will gladly give you the key to use it, but alas, it was not open. Across the street to the restaurant we went. Those people could not have been nicer and more accommodating. They pointed us to the restroom, and were very welcoming. I think we bought $40 worth of honey products that were made by Bees Brothers (www.beesbros.com), the honey almonds were my fav and a perfect travel snack. We shopped a bit and walked around the river for maybe 40 mins and then headed back to the car to find that the charger had stopped. We had maybe 10 miles added the whole time we were gone. I unplugged and replugged and it started again. Whew. Then it stopped. This is where I learned an important lesson on traveling with a Tesla. About 20-30% of Superchargers do not function properly. After 20 mins of thinking something was wrong with our car and unplugging and replugging we had the idea to try another stall. It worked and 50 min later we were off to Moab. This happened one other time. We pulled into a Supercharger area, hooked up the car, saw that it was charging, went off to lunch and upon returning we saw that it had stopped charging. The solution is to wait 4-5 mins after the charging begins, and if there is no problem you are free to walk away. But no one told us this and it was a lesson that ultimately cost us a few hours.Moab was great and the hotel we booked had a charger we could use for free. Overnight it charged us from half to full, both nights.I am not going to talk about every other stop, but I wanted to give you a little idea of who we are, and how we travel. Overall, traveling in the Tesla is a joy. But here are a few thoughts, ideas, and concerns. 1. Windshield squeegees. It is frustrating that unlike a normal gas station, there is no way to clean off the bugs from your windshield. And since many of the charging stations are not near a gas station this isn’t simple. I grabbed three piles of paper towel from the restroom at the Supercharger station, wetted all three and added some soap to one. This worked well in a pinch, but it is a lot of extra work and not ideal. Some high school kid is going to make a killing setting up shop near the larger stations. I would have gladly paid 2 bucks to get the bugs off my windshield.2. Broken or not properly functioning chargers. While 20-30% (in our experience) were not working, we found there were fast ones and slow ones in many of the s stops. Some would stop at 150 m/hr and others would ramp up to 500. Moving around a bit was effective in finding the faster chargers but it would be better if all were optimized. 3. Climate control. Man that vegan leather is hot and your back and ass will get wet. We could not find a system where I was not sweaty, and my wife was not cold. Ultimately, we aimed everything at me, and I was just kind sweaty. 4. Defoggers. We could not find a way to make them work, at all. We went through rain a few times and the windows fogged up, and we did not find a way to get effective defogging. 5. Actual range. If you drive aggressively like I do, and don’t want to sit for a 100% charge, I found that 140-180 mile range at a 250ish mile charge is ideal. Yes, you spend more time at charging stations (do you though?) but the waits are shorter, and you get to drive like the aggressive, “I have shit to do” person that you are. It would be better if this was 180-220 in a 30 min charge, but I bet we will be there soon. In conclusion. We love our Tesla and are still super happy we bought it. Are there areas for improvement? Yes, but we believe in the company, we love Elon’s vision, and we are happy to support what he is doing. Oh, shit, one more thing. Several times during the trip one of us would say, “I wonder what the altitude is here.” We found a website that would tell us but wouldn’t it be great if the car could do that? Just a thought. 😊
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2019.08.06 18:13 GriffGriffin Lessons from a recent road trip

My wife and I just finished a trip from Venice, CA to Woodland Park, CO and I’d like to share my experience.
First, some house cleaning: I am not a writer. Please do not expect a professionally written piece of journalism. I just wanted to share my experience and lessons learned to benefit the community. We own a black on black Model 3 Dual Motor Long Range named Stuntship. Our plan at the beginning was to stop in Moab for two days on the way there and stop at the Grand Canyon and Hoover Dam on the way back. We hit the road at 6am on Monday July 29th. We bought the car (I just went to the Tesla web site to get the exact date of purchase and the site is not working) anyhow, we bought it in March. My wife took it to San Diego for a conference and used a supercharger while there, but for me, this trip would be the first time I charged in the wild.
Our first stop was in Baker, CA. I didn’t know what I was doing, this being the first time I used a Supercharger, and pulled up to the first charging station I saw. It was not in the shade. *Note, it is better, if possible, to find a charging stall in the shade as you will most likely spend some time sitting in your car, and with the climate set at 66 and the outside temp being 110, the car was quite warm. We walked around, went to the abandoned hotel and took some photos, bought some snacks/water. It was fun. After about 40 mins, it was back on the road.
We were thinking of stopping in Vegas for a little mischief and made a game-time decision against it, while we felt the pull, we went on the St. George, UT to charge and grab some lunch. We found a the Supercharger, plugged in and walked over the Egg and I for some lunch. This may be the best part of road trips that force you to stop and take a little time. Our waitress was a doll and told us all about her life and what it was like living in Utah. We probably stayed an extra 15 mins just so we could keep chatting with her.
With a full belly and heart, we took off and drove to Green River. The trip planner said we could make it to Moab with 6% left, but the way I was driving there was no way. Speed limit in Utah is 80 mph and averaging 88 drains the battery faster. *Note - Someone need to develop an algorithm that looks at the fun and joy of overtaking slower drivers, the fun and joy of knowing you are “making great time” relative to other drivers, vs the need to stop and charge more often. We thought about the actual math of driving aggressively and shorter stops vs driving normal with longer stops and longer range, but in the end, once rolling it was hard to keep it slow. The car is just so much fun to drive.
Green River is beautiful. The charging station, not so much. This is where we first experienced a few problems. The Supercharge is in a museum parking lot and the hotel next door isn’t big on letting you use the facilities. The museum has a bathroom, and I understand that when it is open they will gladly give you the key to use it, but alas, it was not open. Across the street to the restaurant we went. Those people could not have been nicer and more accommodating. They pointed us to the restroom, and were very welcoming. I think we bought $40 worth of honey products that were made by Bees Brothers (www.beesbros.com), the honey almonds were my fav and a perfect travel snack. We shopped a bit and walked around the river for maybe 40 mins and then headed back to the car to find that the charger had stopped. We had maybe 10 miles added the whole time we were gone. I unplugged and replugged and it started again. Whew. Then it stopped. This is where I learned an important lesson on traveling with a Tesla. About 20-30% of Superchargers do not function properly. After 20 mins of thinking something was wrong with our car and unplugging and replugging we had the idea to try another stall. It worked and 50 min later we were off to Moab. This happened one other time. We pulled into a Supercharger area, hooked up the car, saw that it was charging, went off to lunch and upon returning we saw that it had stopped charging. The solution is to wait 4-5 mins after the charging begins, and if there is no problem you are free to walk away. But no one told us this and it was a lesson that ultimately cost us a few hours.
Moab was great and the hotel we booked had a charger we could use for free. Overnight it charged us from half to full, both nights.
I am not going to talk about every other stop, but I wanted to give you a little idea of who we are, and how we travel. Overall, traveling in the Tesla is a joy. But here are a few thoughts, ideas, and concerns.
  1. Windshield squeegees. It is frustrating that unlike a normal gas station, there is no way to clean off the bugs from your windshield. And since many of the charging stations are not near a gas station this isn’t simple. I grabbed three piles of paper towel from the restroom at the Supercharger station, wetted all three and added some soap to one. This worked well in a pinch, but it is a lot of extra work and not ideal. Some high school kid is going to make a killing setting up shop near the larger stations. I would have gladly paid 2 bucks to get the bugs off my windshield.
  2. Broken or not properly functioning chargers. While 20-30% (in our experience) were not working, we found there were fast ones and slow ones in many of the s stops. Some would stop at 150 m/hr and others would ramp up to 500. Moving around a bit was effective in finding the faster chargers but it would be better if all were optimized.
  3. Climate control. Man that vegan leather is hot and your back and ass will get wet. We could not find a system where I was not sweaty, and my wife was not cold. Ultimately, we aimed everything at me, and I was just kind sweaty.
  4. Defoggers. We could not find a way to make them work, at all. We went through rain a few times and the windows fogged up, and we did not find a way to get effective defogging.
  5. Actual range. If you drive aggressively like I do, and don’t want to sit for a 100% charge, I found that 140-180 mile range at a 250ish mile charge is ideal. Yes, you spend more time at charging stations (do you though?) but the waits are shorter, and you get to drive like the aggressive, “I have shit to do” person that you are. It would be better if this was 180-220 in a 30 min charge, but I bet we will be there soon.
In conclusion. We love our Tesla and are still super happy we bought it. Are there areas for improvement? Yes, but we believe in the company, we love Elon’s vision, and we are happy to support what he is doing. Oh, shit, one more thing. Several times during the trip one of us would say, “I wonder what the altitude is here.” We found a website that would tell us but wouldn’t it be great if the car could do that? Just a thought. 😊
submitted by GriffGriffin to teslamotors [link] [comments]


2019.07.01 20:51 seewhyKai Next Expansion Saviors of Uldum – Launching August 6

20190715 around 15:11 PDT - Official Hearthstone Twitter announced reveal schedule

20190701 around 10:00 PDT

Blizzard has officially revealed the next expansion, Saviors of Uldum, in a news blog and trailer video. This 135 card expansion will be released on August 6.
 
Saviors of Uldum will have
  • Reborn keyword mechanic. "Minions with the Reborn Keyword will return to life the first time they’re destroyed, but with 1 remaining Health".
  • Plague "are spells of ancient power wielded by the 5 League of E.V.I.L. classes (Priest, Shaman, Warrior, Warlock, and Rogue.) These cards wreak havoc indiscriminately, affecting every Minion on the board". Note that the Rogue Plague card,
  • Quests - "As with existing Quest cards, these Legendary 1-Mana cards start in your hand and, once played, their progress will track above your Hero portrait. After your quest is complete, you’ll be immediately rewarded with a game-changing new Hero Power"
  • Lackey cards and tokens
 

Arena Rotation

With the launch of Saviors of Uldum, the Arena will rotate to a new pool of cards from the following list of available sets:
  • Basic
  • Classic
  • League of Explorers
  • Journey to Un'Goro
  • Kobolds & Catacombs
  • Rastakhan's Rumble
  • Saviors of Uldum
The revealed cards can be found on the official site. Official English files can also be downloaded at the Blizzard Press Center.
Reveals will be listed below with the latest cards first followed by recent postings based on PDT. Multiple cards revealed by the same party/source and during the same instance will be in chronological order or based on the order posted by the official Hearthstone site. Reveals dates will be based on PDT with reveal times also including reveal source's local time.

135 out of 135 cards have been officially revealed

Latest Reveals

190731 - 29 cards

11:0X PDT - Final Card Dump on PlayHearthstone website - 19 cards
10:00 PDT - Final Card Reveal Twitch/YouTube Livestream - 29 cards

190730 - 7 cards

18:00 PDT - NetEase Dashen app. NetEase is a Chinese internet company and the publishedistributor for Blizzard's games in China.
09:00 PDT - Blizzard promotional email
05:00 PDT - Turkish tech site Technopat's YouTube livestream
03:12 PDT - Russian gaming site StopGame. Blizzard originally had the reveals scheduled for July 30 at 04:00 PDT on the official reveal schedule - 2 cards
02:00 PDT - UK/European gaming news site Eurogamer.com
01:00 PDT - LaoZhongYi's (老中医) Huya livestream and Weibo

190729 - 7 cards

18:00 PDT - Official Hearthstone YouTube video by Chinese video editor Amazing LaoPi (神奇的老皮) - 2 cards
05:00 PDT - French pro player TheFishou's YouTube
03:00 PDT - UK gaming site PCGamesN
02:00 PDT - Russian pro player SilverName's YouTube
00:00 PDT - Thai gaming site Online Station. Blizzard originally had these reveals scheduled for July 27/28 at 23:00 and 00:00 PDT on the official reveal schedule. Blizzard then changed the date to July 30 at 00:00 PDT. Blizzard then incorrectly changed the listed reveal to July 29 at 02:00 PDT on the official reveal schedule after the reveal had occurred - 2 cards

190728 - 3 cards

23:00 PDT - Chinese pro player AnDeLuoNi's (安德罗妮) Huya livestream
22:00 PDT - Thai pro streamer Basgamer's Facebook. Blizzard listed his YouTube on the official reveal schedule
18:00 PDT - Chinese card gaming site YingDi.com

Recent Reveals

190726 - 8 cards

10:00 PDT - American gaming site USgamer (USG) - 2 cards
09:00 PDT - American content creator RegisKillbin's Twitch livestream of his YouTube
05:00 PDT - Italian content creator Attrix's YouTube
02:00 PDT - Japanese branch of gaming site DEKKI on YouTube featuring an original song with lyrics by content creator Masaru and composed by Ga1N
01:00 PDT - Chinese streamer LingGe's (令哥) Douyu livestream and Weibo
00:00 PDT - Korean gaming news site Inven/InvenGlobal - 2 cards

Past Reveals

190701 - 8 cards

10:00 PDT - Saviors of Uldum announcement news blog post

190702 - 1 card

17:54 PDT - Official Hearthstone Instagram posted a Story. Was originally posted around 10:00 PDT but "removed" due to Cloudflare outage causing Instagram (and many other web sites and services) to shutdown.

190710 - 2 cards

10:00 PDT Official Hearthstone Instagram posted a Story

190711 - 3 cards

10:00 PDT - Official Hearthstone YouTube EU video. The official Twitter tweeted at 10:01 PDT the global Youtube video which was uploaded just under 30 seconds after the EU video.

190712 - 1 card

17:30 PDT - Official Hearthstone Twitter tweeted a video

190713 - 1 card

13:00 PDT - Official Hearthstone Twitter tweeted a video

190714 - 3 cards

09:05 PDT - Official Hearthstone Twitch livestream for Grandmasters Europe - Playoffs Day 3

190715 - 1 card

11:00 PDT - Official Hearthstone Twitter tweeted a video

190717 - 1 card

12:00 PDT - Official Hearthstone Twitter tweeted a video

190718 - 4 cards

12:00 PDT - San Diego Comic-Con Hearthstone Panel

190719 - 6 cards

02:00 PDT - Chinese pro streamer Valeera's (瓦莉拉) Huya livestream and Weibo
05:00 PDT - Spanish content creator Atlas' YouTube - 2 cards
09:00 PDT - American pro player Firebat's YouTube
10:00 PDT - Official Hearthstone Instagram posted a Story

190720 - 1 card

22:00 PDT - Chinese streamer YiLingShu's Douyu livestream

190721 - 2 card

23:00 PDT - Japanese gaming and technology site Game Watch. Blizzard originally had the reveal scheduled for July 20 at 23:00 PDT. It was confirmed on Twitter by both Game Watch and Hearthstone Japan that the official reveal schedule website had the incorrect date.
 

190722 - 6 cards

09:00-10:00 PDT - Official Hearthstone YouTube
09:00 PDT - Canadian pro streamer Kripparrian's YouTube - 2 cards
07:00 PDT - Argentinian pro caster SnailARG's Twitch livestream (in prerecord video) and on YouTube
05:00 PDT - Russian content creator Yaspers Game's YouTube
03:00 PDT - German pro player caster Thanh's YouTube

190723 - 8 cards

17:04 PDT - Official Blizzard Entertainment Twitter for Australia & New Zealand tweeted a video
09:00 PDT - American video game site GameSpot.com
07:00 PDT - Brazilian streamer NightmareCwb's YouTube
05:00 PDT - Polish YouTuber MKRR3 - 2 cards
02:00 PDT - Taiwanese stop-motion video filmmaker Jordan Tseng's YouTube featuring RLOC (Recognized LEGO Online Community) Ambassador Cid Hsiao
01:00 PDT - Korean pro player Flurry's YouTube featuring Korean pro players Dawn, Ryvius, Surrender, and Che0nsu - 2 cards

190724 - 7 cards

09:00 PDT - American content creator Dekkster's YouTube
05:00 PDT - Chilean pop culture site Tarreo - 2 cards
03:00 PDT - New Zealand pro player Pathra's YouTube
01:00 PDT - Chinese streamer YiBenDao's (一本稻) Douyu livestream and Weibo
00:00 PDT - Gaming section of Taiwanese news site United Daily News (udn) with YouTube video by 老布 Gaming (Laobu Gaming) - 2 cards

190725 - 7 cards

11:00 PDT - American pro streamer Trump's YouTube
10:00 PDT - Official Hearthstone YouTube - 3 cards
03:00 PDT - Yahoo EsportsTW website featuring Taiwanese pro player WeiFu (威傅) and esports personality tobe (托比)
02:00 PT - Chinese pro streamer MoZe's (墨泽) CC.163 (NetEase) live stream
01:00 PDT - Korean pro player LookSam's YouTube
submitted by seewhyKai to ArenaHS [link] [comments]


2019.05.26 23:14 ImagineTheMicrowave Celeste Alderman, Daughter of Hermes: thief of hearts and goods alike.

Massive thank you to evergladethree for letting me sort of steal their amazing template! I have been editing some parts to make it a tiny bit more unique, but I found that I loved most of the questions asked in the 'mentality' part, so I left most of those the same. Some additions or edits may be made soon if I decide to change some stuff.

Basic Information

Full Name: Celeste Alderman
Nicknames: There have been many through the years, including (but not limited to) Cel, Lissie and CeCe. She doesn't particularly mind, since they all fundamentally refer to her in the end.
Date of Birth: June 18
Age: 18 years old.
Place of Birth/Upbringing: San Diego, CA
Religion/Beliefs: Currently, she has absolutely no clue. If something must be written down, as of a short while ago, she subscribes to the idea of 'utter confusion'.
Sexuality: Give it a try.
Ethnicity: 1/2 Scottish/American...and 1/2 God?

Appearance

Height: 5'6 (1.68m)
Weight: 125 lbs (57kg)
Physique: Celeste is generally very fit from doing all sorts of gymnastics throughout her life, though a bit of luck from all of her heritages have allowed her to maintain a pleasant amount of curvature to her frame. While she may not be considered totally ripped or anything even close to the sort, her above-average athleticism, flexibility and overall agility are undeniable. Both in form and function.
Eye Colour: See...it sort of fluctuates depending on the lighting? Most of the time, it's a bright greenish blue, though it can seem entirely green or entirely blue, or even occasionally gray at times.
Eyesight: Her eyesight is pretty damn perfect, though she will occasionally wear glasses simply to achieve a certain look. Celeste is very aware that many people find that quite attractive.
Skin: Fairly pale, though sometimes she may have a slight tan which contrasts well with the colour of her hair.
Hair: Speaking of which, red! Not a perfectly crimson red colour, but more of a fire red. Also, it tends to be a tad bit wavy, and Celeste will occasionally look for the 'perfectly imperfect' look by messing her hair up in an orderly manner.
Faceclaim: Album, at the ready!

Speech/Communication

Tone of Voice and Speech Habits: A sense of mischief and excitement can almost always be heard in Celeste's voice, as the girl rarely finds herself getting bored. That being said, it will be almost immediately apparent to most listeners when the girl is angry or afraid, as she can seldom hold back a quiver in her voice when those emotions are taken to the extreme. She tends to not curse too often, and it happens to carry some meaning whenever she does. While her vocal tone is wonderful at communicating her thoughts and emotions, she is an adroit deceiver...though many will never know. The girl rarely needs time to think during a conversation, as her wit is as sharp as...something sharp. Clearly, this applies exclusively to Celeste and not the writer.
Accent: While many would say she has a common American accent, referred to by some as having 'no accent', certain words (specifically those often used by Scots...otherwise known as curse words) do make some aspect of an accent appear. It's subtle, and many of her friends consider it 'cute', though she still hasn't been quite able to figure out why.
Miscellaneous Physical Features: Celeste usually has a very straight posture, due to several factors like her history of swimming and gymnastics. For every negative to her posture (such as time spent on whatever electronic device may require her to look down at an angle), there is a positive to balance out and correct it.
General Demeanor:

Demigod Life and Talents

Godly Parent: Hermes
Passive Power:
Active Powers:

Common Behaviours and Habits

Sleeping Behaviours: All the activity that Celeste tends to do in a day does take quite a toll on her energy levels. As such, she has absolutely no problems letting sleep take her for a clean 8+ hours nightly. She can sleep under almost any conditions, to the point where it could almost be considered frightening. She almost seems to always be in a state of extremely deep 'I have been doing nothing but physically taxing tasks for the previous 16 hours and will now hibernate for the winter' state during sleep. It's rather impressive.
Talents, Skills and Hobbies:
Well, she's kind of pretty good at every most things. Anything new that she tries to pick up just kinda...comes easily to her. While she isn't amazing at all the things she does, the many talents that she seems to possess is sure to wow some people. Truly a jack-of-all-trades. These skills include, but are certainly not limited to:
There may be certain things that she very much isn't good at...though that will have to be found out! She surely would never admit, and prying it out of her isn't easy in the slightest. Experience would be the easiest form of revelation.
Of course, even if she is found out, she will do her absolute best to cover up her tracks and keep the other person oblivious to her ineptitude. Sometimes it works, and sometimes she merely manages to humiliate herself even further.
General Hygiene: While perhaps a strange category to have, it surely is an important one. Celeste is very much in love with keeping hygiene. Now, that certainly isn't to say that she can't handle a little bit of dirt or anything, but rather that she'll be sure to wash it off quite thoroughly that same evening.
A shower in the morning before heading out, as well as one in the evening if possible...both of which take an unnecessary amount of time, most of which Celeste spends either thinking about completely unrelated things or just singing to herself with the shockingly pleasing acoustics that any good shower should have. And boy, does she have a million creams and oils and smells and gods-know-what else to apply every single night.

Past Life and Childhood

Mentality and Beliefs

Psychological Issues or Disorders: Celeste tends to be a somewhat unstable person, though this lies more with her personality than any discernible disorder or other problem in her. It isn't quite an explosive unstable, but more of an unpredictable nature. Furthermore, she also tends to get rather insecure at times, particularly about appearances. Needless to say, this can occasionally tick people off as it seems so absolutely irrational.
Finally, the girl tends to get unnaturally worried when she feels that she isn't liked by everyone. Of course, actually being liked by everyone isn't really possible, and therefore Celeste simply tries to repress most of those feelings and get through the day avoiding the individuals who bring them about.
Besides those admittedly common issues, she is quite mentally healthy. Though the revelation of her heritage may eventually change that.
Optimist or Pessimist? Extrovert or Introvert?
Is she cautious, brave, or reckless in her approach to life? Very noticeably, the answer to that question would be that Celeste is absolutely reckless. If there is a plan on how to approach a situation, specifically one devised by someone who isn't her, she is more likely to forget or not care about it than anything else. She doesn't expect things to go her way. In fact, one might even say that she doesn't want things to go her way. It's boring.
What does she value the most? Money The answer to this question would probably have to be her friendships. While love and dirty stuff and all that can be great, a good friend is just more valuable to Celeste than anything else in life.
Whom or what would she be willing to die for? Even she wouldn't really be able to answer that question. After all, she knows that many people would give certain responses, and never really keep those promises at the end of the day. Sure, you can say you'd die for someone, but it's a very different thing actually doing so.
Is she generally compassionate or self-involved? Well, it very much depends on the situation. Celeste loves to steal things for fun, and she isn't anything like a Robin Hood type of character. As stated, she does it for fun and merely fun only. If she thinks she could give the stolen item back without causing too much of a problem, she gladly would. Basically, she likes to challenge herself to get caught...and it usually never works. She doesn't actively dislike and antagonise other people, but she doesn't do things entirely for the sake of society as a large either. Fence-sitting is kinda shitty, but arguably necessary for this situation. Celeste does a bit of both.
Personal philosophy: If you had fun, you were probably doing the right thing.
What’s her most embarrassing moment? Oh...She wouldn't ever be willing to give up this information. It had absolutely nothing to do with a certain boy trying to flirt with her and her not knowing at all how to respond, however. That's for certain.
What is her secret wish? While this is barely a secret, Celeste would want everyone in the world to take a liking to her, and be able to befriend them all. Making others laugh or making them happy means the world to the girl, and she rarely seems to reveal the side of herself that wants happiness for her friends.
Biggest Strength: Her adaptability. She can almost literally adapt to any situation thrown at her almost immediately, and it's quite impressive.
Other good characteristics: Her curiosity could be considered both a positive and a negative. As the saying goes, Curiosity killed the cat, though to finish this, we must add that satisfaction brought it back. Surely, there are a lot more...but you can try to get her to believe that if you'd like.
Her greatest flaw: Oh, there really are countless to list. She tends to put her trust in people very quickly, though that very same trust also happens to be incredibly fragile. Her blatant attention-seeking behaviour at times could also be considered flawed, as well as the fact that she simply can't seem to satisfy her urge for enjoyment and stimulation. This could be dangerous...
Biggest regret: Signing up to answer this shit. Holy gods there are a lot of questions.
Actual biggest regret: Celeste likes to believe that she doesn't regret anything. After all, as her philosophy suggests: If she had fun, where's the problem? Though this is not exactly the case. She regrets not being good enough for everyone to enjoy her company, and she very much regrets her occasional inability to be there when her friends may need her.
Proudest Accomplishment: She managed to run a 100 metre run in [REDACTED] seconds. She's doubtful that she will ever manage the same thing again. The amount of seconds will be revealed after some amount of research is done.
Quirks: One for All, Half-Cold Half-Hot There isn't really much to say here. She does enjoy some...unexpected musical genres, but you'd really have to be careful or get real close to find out about that.
Character's biggest secret: Well, it wouldn't really be a secret if it was exposed on here, would it?
How does she react to a crisis? Celeste would probably assess whether she could get herself and others out safely, and do her best to assist other people without risking her life too much. She isn't the kind of person to really give her life for a stranger, but there's no reason to not help someone when you can.
Short term goals: Find out what the fuck this god stuff is about, and what part she has in all of this.
Long term goals: Improve her skills to the best of her ability, and hopefully get to a point where she can safely say she has 'mastered' them.

Likes

Foods: Her favourite food is garlic bread. It's just so cheesy and so garlicy and so bready and so buttery and so utterly perfect...
Drink: Anything sugary (which isn't too overpoweringly sugary). Doing what she does requires a lotta energy.
Colour: Black is a damn good colour.
Book: The Hobbit would have to take the title of favourite book for Celeste. It's just such a damn amazing adventure. And yes, she has a massive love for adventure books.
Film: This time, The Return of the King takes the place. There is certainly a bit of a trend here, but how could someone not like Tolkien's works (and their adaptations)?
TV Show: She really kind of loves Game of Don't Watch Season 8. It was surely a great show all throughout. The whole thing. 100% of it, from start to finish.

THE PRESENT!

As Celeste makes her way over the hill, it seems that the journey hasn't been particularly kind to her. Looking tired as all hell with a somewhat ripped up bag and (obviously unintentionally) messy attire, the girl takes in many deep breaths as she enters the camp. Fortunately, her clothes seem very much intact, though she could likely use a little bit of rest.
(I am 100% sure I've missed a bunch of necessary things in my obsession with the little details, but I just wanted to get this out before today ended. Thanks for reading (or at least looking over) this unnecessarily long post! Also, I'd love some upvotes since this is a new account.)
[Introduction]
submitted by ImagineTheMicrowave to CampHalfBloodRP [link] [comments]