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Hapa community for multiracial Eurasians, Blasians, Quapas, Hāfus (ハーフ), Hùnxuè'ér (混血儿), Luk khrueng (ลูกครึ่ง) honhyeol (혼혈), Tisoy, Amerasians (Mỹ lai). We also provide an anti-racist safe space for Halfies to share the unique identity issues experienced when racism & sexism comes not just from society but in some cases from our own family through White Patriarchy, White Privilege + internalized racism. We help empower part Asian Pacific offspring whose parents have shown racial insensitivity
: アニメ, pronounced [a.ɲi.me]
)) is hand-drawn
and computer animation
originating from Japan
, a term derived from the English word animation
, is used in Japanese to describe all animation, regardless of style or origin. Outside of Japan, anime
can refer either to animated works produced in Japan, or to their common visual style
), which has since been adopted by a minority of works produced in other countries
Main article: History of anime
📷 A frame from Namakura Gatana
(1917), the oldest surviving Japanese animated short film made for cinemas
Animation in Japan began in the early 20th century, when filmmakers
started to experiment with techniques pioneered in France, Germany, the United States, and Russia.
A claim for the earliest Japanese animation is Katsudō Shashin
a private work by an unknown creator.
In 1917, the first professional and publicly displayed works began to appear; animators such as Ōten Shimokawa
, Seitarō Kitayama
, and Jun'ichi Kōuchi
(considered the "fathers of anime") produced numerous films, the oldest surviving of which is Kōuchi's Namakura Gatana
Many early works were lost with the destruction of Shimokawa's warehouse in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake
By the mid-1930s animation was well-established in Japan as an alternative format to the live-action industry. It suffered competition from foreign producers, such as Disney
, and many animators, including Noburō Ōfuji
and Yasuji Murata
, continued to work with cheaper cutout animation
rather than cel animation
Other creators, including Kenzō Masaoka
and Mitsuyo Seo
, nevertheless made great strides in technique, benefiting from the patronage of the government, which employed animators to produce educational shorts and propaganda
In 1940, the government dissolved several artists' organizations to form the Shin Nippon Mangaka Kyōkai
The first talkie
anime was Chikara to Onna no Yo no Naka
(1933), a short film produced by Masaoka.
The first feature-length anime film was Momotaro: Sacred Sailors
(1945), produced by Seo with a sponsorship from the Imperial Japanese Navy
📷 Momotaro: Sacred Sailors
(1945), the first feature-length
The 1950s saw a proliferation of short, animated advertisements made in Japan for television broadcasting.
In the 1960s, manga
artist and animator Osamu Tezuka
adapted and simplified many Disney animation techniques to reduce costs and limit frame counts in his productions.
He originally intended these as temporary measures to allow him to produce material on a tight schedule with an inexperienced staff, though many of his limited animation
practices would later come to define the medium's style. Three Tales
) (1960) was the first anime film broadcast on television;
the first anime television series was Instant History
An early and influential success was Astro Boy
) (1963–66), a television series directed by Tezuka based on his manga of the same name
. Many animators at Tezuka's Mushi Production
would later establish major studios (such as Madhouse
), and Pierrot
The 1970s saw growth in the popularity of manga, many of which were later animated. Tezuka's work—and that of other pioneers in the field—inspired characteristics and genres that remain fundamental elements of anime today. The giant robot genre (also known as "mecha
"), for instance, took shape under Tezuka, developed into the super robot
genre under Go Nagai
and others, and was revolutionized at the end of the decade by Yoshiyuki Tomino
, who developed the real robot
Robot anime series such as Gundam
and Super Dimension Fortress Macross
became instant classics in the 1980s, and the genre remained one of the most popular in the following decades.
The bubble economy
of the 1980s spurred a new era of high-budget and experimental anime films, including Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
) (1984), Royal Space Force: The Wings of Honnêamise
(1987), and Akira
) (1988). Neon Genesis Evangelion
(1995), a television series produced by Gainax
and directed by Hideaki Anno
, began another era of experimental anime titles, such as Ghost in the Shell
) (1995) and Cowboy Bebop
(1998). In the 1990s, anime also began attracting greater interest in Western countries; major international successes include Sailor Moon
) and Dragon Ball Z
, both of which were dubbed
) into more than a dozen languages worldwide. In 2003, Spirited Away
, a Studio Ghibli
feature film directed by Hayao Miyazaki
, won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature
at the 75th Academy Awards
. It later became the highest-grossing anime film
earning more than $355 million. Since the 2000s, an increased number of anime works have been adaptations of light novels
and visual novels
; successful examples include The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya
and Fate/stay night
Modern anime follows a typical animation production process, involving storyboarding
, voice acting
, character design
, and cel production
. Since the 1990s, animators have increasingly used computer animation
to improve the efficiency of the production process. Early anime works were experimental, and consisted of images drawn on blackboards, stop motion
animation of paper cutouts, and silhouette animation
Cel animation grew in popularity until it came to dominate the medium. In the 21st century, the use of other animation techniques is mostly limited to independent short films
including the stop motion puppet animation work produced by Tadahito Mochinaga
, Kihachirō Kawamoto
and Tomoyasu Murata.
Computers were integrated into the animation process in the 1990s, with works such as Ghost in the Shell
) and Princess Mononoke
mixing cel animation with computer-generated images. Fuji Film
, a major cel production company, announced it would stop cel production, producing an industry panic to procure cel imports and hastening the switch to digital processes.
Prior to the digital era, anime was produced with traditional animation
methods using a pose to pose approach.
The majority of mainstream anime uses fewer expressive key frames
and more in-between
Japanese animation studios were pioneers of many limited animation
techniques, and have given anime a distinct set of conventions. Unlike Disney
animation, where the emphasis is on the movement, anime emphasizes the art quality and let limited animation techniques make up for the lack of time spent on movement. Such techniques are often used not only to meet deadlines but also as artistic devices.
Anime scenes place emphasis on achieving three-dimensional views, and backgrounds are instrumental in creating the atmosphere of the work.
The backgrounds are not always invented and are occasionally based on real locations, as exemplified in Howl's Moving Castle
) and The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya
Oppliger stated that anime is one of the rare mediums where putting together an all-star cast usually comes out looking "tremendously impressive".
The cinematic effects of anime differentiates itself from the stage plays found in American animation. Anime is cinematically shot as if by camera, including panning, zooming, distance and angle shots to more complex dynamic shots that would be difficult to produce in reality.
In anime, the animation is produced before the voice acting, contrary to American animation which does the voice acting first; this can cause lip sync
errors in the Japanese version.
Body proportions of human anime characters tend to accurately reflect the proportions of the human body in reality. The height of the head is considered by the artist as the base unit of proportion. Head heights can vary, but most anime characters are about seven to eight heads tall.
Anime artists occasionally make deliberate modifications to body proportions to produce super deformed
characters that feature a disproportionately small body compared to the head; many super deformed characters are two to four heads tall. Some anime works like Crayon Shin-chan
completely disregard these proportions, in such a way that they resemble caricatured
A common anime character design convention is exaggerated eye size. The animation of characters with large eyes in anime can be traced back to Osamu Tezuka, who was deeply influenced by such early animation characters as Betty Boop
, who was drawn with disproportionately large eyes.
Tezuka is a central figure in anime and manga history, whose iconic art style and character designs allowed for the entire range of human emotions to be depicted solely through the eyes.
The artist adds variable color shading to the eyes and particularly to the cornea to give them greater depth. Generally, a mixture of a light shade, the tone color, and a dark shade is used.
Cultural anthropologist Matt Thorn
argues that Japanese animators and audiences do not perceive such stylized eyes as inherently more or less foreign.
However, not all anime characters have large eyes. For example, the works of Hayao Miyazaki
are known for having realistically proportioned eyes, as well as realistic hair colors on their characters.
📷 Anime and manga artists often draw from a defined set of facial expressions to depict particular emotions
Hair in anime is often unnaturally lively and colorful or uniquely styled. The movement of hair in anime is exaggerated and "hair action" is used to emphasize the action and emotions of characters for added visual effect.
Poitras traces hairstyle color to cover illustrations on manga, where eye-catching artwork and colorful tones are attractive for children's manga.
Despite being produced for a domestic market, anime features characters whose race or nationality is not always defined, and this is often a deliberate decision, such as in the Pokémon
) animated series.
Anime and manga artists often draw from a common canon of iconic facial expression illustrations to denote particular moods and thoughts.
These techniques are often different in form than their counterparts in Western animation, and they include a fixed iconography
that is used as shorthand for certain emotions and moods.
For example, a male character may develop a nosebleed
A variety of visual symbols are employed, including sweat drops to depict nervousness, visible blushing for embarrassment, or glowing eyes for an intense glare.
See also: List of anime distributed in the United States
Anime has become commercially profitable in Western countries
, as demonstrated by early commercially successful Western adaptations of anime, such as Astro Boy
) and Speed Racer
. Early American adaptions in the 1960s made Japan expand into the continental European market, first with productions aimed at European and Japanese children, such as Heidi
, Vicky the Viking
, which aired in various countries. Particularly Italy, Spain and France grew an interest into Japan's output, due to its cheap selling price and productive output. In fact, Italy imported the most anime outside of Japan.
These mass imports influenced anime popularity in South American, Arabic and German markets.
The beginning of 1980 saw the introduction of Japanese anime series into the American culture. In the 1990s, Japanese animation slowly gained popularity in America. Media companies such as Viz and Mixx began publishing and releasing animation into the American market.
The 1988 film Akira
) is largely credited with popularizing anime in the Western world during the early 1990s, before anime was further popularized by television shows such as Pokémon
) and Dragon Ball Z
in the late 1990s.
The growth of the Internet later provided international audiences an easy way to access Japanese content.
Early on, online piracy played a major role in this, through over time legal alternatives appeared. This is especially the case with net services such as Netflix
which have large catalogs in Western countries, although as of 2020 anime fans in many non-Western countries, such as India or Southeast Asia, have difficulty obtaining access to legal content, and therefore still turn to online piracy.
Main article: Anime-influenced animation
One of the key points that made anime different from a handful of Western cartoons is the potential for visceral content. Once the expectation that the aspects of visual intrigue or animation being just for children is put aside, the audience can realize that themes involving violence, suffering, sexuality, pain, and death can all be storytelling elements utilized in anime as much as other types of media.
However, as anime itself became increasingly popular, its styling has been inevitably the subject of both satire and serious creative productions. South Park
" and "Good Times with Weapons
" episodes, Adult Swim
's Perfect Hair Forever
, and Nickelodeon
's Kappa Mikey
are Western examples of satirical depictions of Japanese culture and anime, but anime tropes have also been satirized by some anime, such as KonoSuba
Traditionally only Japanese works have been considered anime, but some works have sparked debate for blurring the lines between anime and cartoons, such as the American anime style production Avatar: The Last Airbender
These anime styled works have become defined as anime-influenced animation
, in an attempt to classify all anime styled works of non-Japanese origin.
Some creators of these works cite anime as a source of inspiration, for example the French production team for Ōban Star-Racers
that moved to Tokyo to collaborate with a Japanese production team.
When anime is defined as a "style" rather than as a national product it leaves open the possibility of anime being produced in other countries,
but this has been contentious amongst fans, with John Oppliger stating, "The insistence on referring to original American art as Japanese "anime" or "manga" robs the work of its cultural identity."
produced TV series called Torkaizer
is dubbed as the "Middle East's First Anime Show", and is currently in production
and looking for funding.
Netflix has produced multiple anime series in collaboration with Japanese animation studios,
and in doing so, has offered a more accessible channel for distribution to Western markets.
The web-based series RWBY
, produced by Texas-based company Rooster Teeth
, is produced using an anime art style, and the series has been described as "anime" by multiple sources. For example, Adweek
, in the headline to one of its articles, described the series as "American-made anime",
and in another headline, The Huffington Post
described it as simply "anime", without referencing its country of origin.
In 2013, Monty Oum
, the creator of RWBY
, said "Some believe just like Scotch needs to be made in Scotland, an American company can't make anime. I think that's a narrow way of seeing it. Anime is an art form, and to say only one country can make this art is wrong." RWBY
has been released in Japan with a Japanese language dub;
the CEO of Rooster Teeth
, Matt Hullum
, commented "This is the first time any American-made anime has been marketed to Japan. It definitely usually works the other way around, and we're really pleased about that."
I’m 18F and recently entered the ONL dating scene in like September. Of course, I just started college and people my age aren’t really looking for relationships and along with that there’s a myriad of reasons why finding someone to share my romantic affection with (at the least) is a bit difficult.
For background, I’m a black female going to a predominantly white institution. When it comes to dating apps, the guys that tend to match with me are mostly white and asian with all kinds of different aesthetics though I don’t have a type and I just swipe if i think he’s attractive and we have something we could possibly talk about.
My rule of thumb is no one looking for hookups, no one that screams of bitterness on their profile, no blank bios, no smokers, which rules out a LOT of people. Nicotine addiction amongst people in my age group is a real and very common problem, and of course no one older than like 23. I have no “height requirement” or even a preference. I talk to a guy for at least a week or two before meeting up and it has to be an actual date, no “hanging out”. I always ask what they’re looking for before meeting up as well and make sure that we can actually hold conversation so this usually leaves only 20 year olds. So far almost every guy from ONL dating that has been interested in going on a date with me has had some sort of red flag later down the line.
The first guy I went on a date(s) with was 22, asian, and lowkey a catfish but who am I to judge. First time in a while I talked to a guy significantly bigger than me. He’s like 5’10 and pushing 200lbs. I’m 5’4 and 110lbs. We had the same ‘edgy’ sense of humor and clicked automatically over the phone. We met up and lied to me about him regularly using puff bars and having somewhat of a dependency on weed. Also somewhat of a tsundere type thing towards me but I didn’t mind it. Alright well, I was already there so let’s continue the date plus I thought I could get over the smoking thing, but I really just can’t. Anyways, he was automatically very affectionate with me which personally I didn’t mind because that’s my love language, but in hindsight that was a red flag too. We’re in a boba tea shop and he smacks my butt, finds ways to try to touch my breast and everytime I tell him he’s making me uncomfortable he “jokingly” complains that I’m being hot and cold and that women don’t know what they want. Alright. We went on like three dates and no change. Never took ANY of my no’s seriously (don’t worry, we didn’t do anything sexual) and the only time he did was when he cornered me in his room and admittedly I had to work up a heavy sob before he backed off. I’m talking mascara running and ‘not being able to catch my breath’. Lowkey hysterics. Pretty humiliating but it probably saved me from getting raped that night. I just end things there by blocking him on everything because he didn’t take me seriously otherwise.
Second guy is white latino(only other 18 year old), very nice and thoughtful but has really bad depression and anxiety. I understand those things can be hard but I recognize that I’m not equipped for that. I didn’t realize how bad it was until later. On the first date, he asks to sleep over (I don’t have a roommate and there’s a second bed because the room is a double). I let him sleep over because the date ended up running to like 11:30 at night but I didn’t sleep at all for safety reasons. In the morning he cries to me about his struggle with porn addiction and erectile dysfunction. No tears ever came out of his eyes, but to give benefit of the doubt that could just be his SSRI’s. Didn’t want to leave my side for a second, even if we both had classes. This was all after ONE DATE and he’s already being emotionally dependent on me. Eventually he does go back to his own dorm and then calls me two days later that he’s outside of my dorm building at 3am and that he missed me so he wanted to sleep over again. I ended things right then and there. Ever since he’s been posting about how he’s in pain and lonely on his tiktok along with pro-communist and anti-theist content (which is ironic because I’m pretty Christian so maybe he posts the anti-theist stuff knowing that I’ll see it? Idk, I don’t have a problem with atheism).
Third guy just recently graduated and he’s filipino, 23 years old. Planning on moving out to LA for his business startup, which is cool. I appreciate the work ethic. Healthy family connection too which is a plus for me. We actually click super well and it seemed too good to be true but then I notice that he still has lots of pictures up with him and his ex and she still has those pictures up too. I didn’t know that she was an ex at the time and I really didn’t want to find out I was getting involved with a guy that was already in a relationship. We talked about it and he explained. Okay, I believe him but i’m somewhat weary. We talk more and red flags start to slowly pop up. He talks about how him and his friends have “gone through women like clothes” but it’s different because he’s a guy and he’s older. I keep my calm composure but in my head i’m like “UM??”. He talks about his past relationship and how he wanted an open relationship and they had one but she was ‘loyal to a fault’ so she never took up the opportunity and would get texts and phone calls all the time from people about how they think her bf was cheating on her. Practically admitting to openly embarrassing your girlfriend at the time while doing something she wasn’t comfortable with and acting like it was her fault. Haha yea no, that was enough for me. I let him down gently over text and he immediately calls me to talk about it. He’s calm the whole time but he’s making faces and every few seconds he changes up what he says he’s hoping for between us and tries seeing loopholes so we can get atleast sexual, lowkey gaslighting. So a womanizer AND manipulative. Cool. Of course I ended things there.
Fourth guy, actually relatively great, 21 years old again. He’s from Japan and wrestles for our D-1 school which is interesting. We go to a restaurant and have pretty casual conversation. Nothing too deep. We talk about common interests and whatnot and it’s nice that he doesn’t think mine are weird or anything. We actually have a similar sense of style and we accidentally ended up matching, which I thought was cute. He compliments my style and he doesn’t pull out his phone at all. He offers me a sip of his drink (which is alcoholic) but I decline because i don’t know him well enough. Eventually the topic of past relationships comes up (I know, that’s like the #1 thing that’s not supposed to happen) and they literally broke up a week before. Great /s. He talks about her anxiety and how he just wants to be there for her all the time and by the sounds of it he’s still trying to get back with her by buying her gifts and texting her constantly. Awesome, so he’s wasting my time. We split the bill (which in hindsight, he might’ve taken as an insult due to cultural differences). After we eat we go on a walk because I truly want to get to know him more. Still more casual conversation about family and the languages we speak. Of course he talks more about his ex and it lowkey sounds like he’s been through a lot of emotional abuse with her, so I sort of understand. The whole time I’m wondering why this guy was even interested in going on a date with me. The date ends and I tell him to text me so I know he gets home safe. Doesn’t text me until like three hours later even though he only lives a 15 minute walk away. Every text I send, he just leaves on open and then replies like an hour later, so I take it as a sign he’s not interested at all. I asked but he left that on delivered lolol.
I won’t lie, I’m quite proud that I’m able to avoid succumbing to subtle manipulation as a young girl but emotionally I’m pretty beat. Now I fully understand why so many people hate dating. OBVIOUSLY there’s something I’m doing wrong here. Is it just a numbers thing? What advice can you give me in spotting not so obvious red flags earlier on? Maybe the age thing is also a red flag? I don’t match with guys my age because of no hookups and no smokers, maybe I should just get over my smoking dealbreaker?
TLDR; The only guys that match with me are older and show some sort of major red flag whether it be that they’re looking to sexually assault me, a womanizer, or emotionally unstable/unavailable. What am I doing wrong? I of course do the usual vetting process before meeting in person and have regular standards and deal breakers. How do I spot not so obvious red flags earlier on so I can avoid wasting time and emotional energy?
I want to study for tonight so I hope to be able to video call or call someone - I dont mind anyone and if we vibe lets make it a constant thing?
Likes moviea / animes / kdrama
Plans to travel in the future.
Idk about looks wise , you can judge for yourself but i am not 8/10
And this goes to mostly 2nd gen/3rd gen Americans who were born to Filipino immigrant parents. But compared to local Filipinos, a lot of Filipino-Americans seem to make a bigger deal about what they perceive to be a true Filipino 'identity'. They are obsessed with indigenous symbols of the past like Baybayin and the many deities that were once believed by the peoples of the archipelago pre-Spanish times and they seem to ignore any contributions Filipinos make during the Spanish and American colonial period.
It's like they think Pre-1521 was some lost paradise.
Why is this?
Where to go? I want palitaw, kutsinta, biko, and ginatan. I could make it.. but I’m lazy :)
It is so good to see a moba game that has filipino myths and creatures. I'd likely download and play it. Sana may dev na gumawa.
I’m confident of my investing knowledge now and I’m planning to soon create a legitimate limited investment partnership just like Warren Buffett.
This August 2020 I’ve managed to gain the trust of my first limited investment partner, my mom, to invest in me PHP10,000 and today that’s worth 15.39% more. But as a limited partner her gains would only be 12.31% or PHP1,231 (20% of gains goes to me but still pretty big right?), but my plan isn’t to stop there, I want to get more people invest and trust in me.
My method was that I explained to my mom exactly why I invest and how I value these companies I bought but when I get more people soon I don’t think I could tell them exactly how I value these companies.
My problem here is that a lot of investment scams happened already and Filipinos lost billions of pesos worth from these. How do you suggest we could convince more people besides relatives to invest?
I don't even know where to begin.But I have get this off my chest. But I met this friend through a friend back when I was freshman in college. She seems nice and caring and all. She listens and likes to talk. She even tells me funny stories. But through time, I started seeing that she's getting a little off.
When I became a little close to her, we started talking about perception in life. I know she is a really religious person. We both share the same religion but I'm not as religious like her. But through time of our talk, I started noticing how she started judging other people so bad that it makes me feel uncomfortable.
She would say this person is sinful and they're not as holy as her or that god will punish this person because she prayed for it. I don't know man but I know religion is not about imposing about bad luck on someone else and claiming they're sinful because the old testament said so.
But later on she got even more worse when I was in sophomore year of high school. She started getting depressed and stressed out because she failed her classes and all. And she started overeating that it made her completely obese. I was worried about her and told her to get help. And she told me that she doesn't like the US she said, "I don't like the US because when you have a problem you have to go to the doctor. It's not like that in the Philippines." And I get it why she opens up to me in the first place because I'm Filipino. But I explained to her that it shouldn't be like that. I told her that this is not the Philippines and that doesnt mean I'm Filipino I have to deal with your depression, I can only listen but not solve it. But it's not only that, she started talking about just her problems. Everytime we started talking, she would come up to me and started sharing me all depressive stuff and she would talk for 2 hours and not let me say a word. I started feeling awful to because I'm not a professional with that thing she does. And I would share to her that I have depression too and I'm dealing with issues. And she would just tell me that I'm lucky my problem is only that and I have a mom and friends that helps me. She constantly tells me that her problems is worse than anyone else. Sometimes I think she says that for attention as a form of her coping mechanism to feel better. But mostly all the problems she had is her fault.
She would tell me that she starts overeating becuase she failed her classes. She major in 3 loaded packed courses all because she thinks it's prestige and gives her more job later on. And this is coming from this person whose been in college for 12 years full time with no full time job since I was in middle school. Then she said she's already packed with student loans, credit card loans, and overdraft fees.
I learned that she also started lying, because one time she got addicted to this mobile game app that lead her to have thousands of dollars overdraft fees. I told her to get help but she said she solved it by lying to her dad and telling her mobile game peers she's dying of cancer as why she's quitting (she don't have cancer). I told that it's too much that she's literally stealing from her dad and lying to people she don't even know. Shes has so much drama. Bu lying about cancer that's just way too much. I had real family and friends that died from cancer and it hurts me that someone like her would use it as an excuse for everything. It had me at my peak that I won't hang out with this person again. What's even worse is that she asked me about sex.
Like I mentioned she's really religious. And when I was 3rd year in college I started having a boyfriend and asked me if I had sex already. And she started imposing me the belief that I shouldn't because it's sinful and abortion is literally murder or a being. I mean yeah she kinda had a point but come on! Why the fuck she have to ask me that, that's none of her business. Also, she I didn't answer her question.
After that conversation, I didn't even let her finish, I just walked away. The next day, she sent me a video about anti abortiom on Facebook, and from that point, I just blocked her on all social media. My mom might know her but I don't care she's beyond weird. She's crazy and delusional and she needs mental help.
Oh yeah she scared a lot of people and I could share more interesting and crazy things that might leave me scarred for life but I learned that there are bat shit crazy people like that in the world.